Tintin in the Land of the Soviets
Tintin in the Land of the Soviets (The Adventures of Tintin see "Little Twentieth" the countries of the Soviets, Hergé, 1930, Belgium) is the first album of comic adventures of Tintin, published originally in black and white between January 10, 1929 and 1930 in the pages of Petit Twentieth supplement of the newspaper The Twentieth Century.
At the time of the USSR Stalin, the Belgian reporter Tintin and his dog Snowy are sent to Moscow by the newspaper Le Petit Vingtième. A secret agent trying to prevent Soviet Tintin to complete its report is aboard the same train as they do. As the train passes through Germany, he detonated to kill Tintin. Tintin and Snowy escape death, but the reporter is accused of the bombing and is locked. He nevertheless managed to escape from prison, thanks to disguise it flew at a guard, and continues its journey to the USSR. When it comes with a Stolbsty Milou, it is immediately tracked by the Guépéou ...
The following reveals key moments of intrigue.
By making a tour in the city, he realizes that the leaders are forcing people to communism. When he returned, new attempts to arrest crashed into him. Upon his arrival in Moscow, he was arrested again and try to torture him, but he managed to escape through a diving suit and swimming in the river, before fighting again against agents. Tintin noted that Moscow has become a "quagmire infect." He also realizes that communism has been raging in the city and only the Communists manage to lift themselves out of poverty. Tintin engaged in the Soviet army, to better understand the maneuvers he understands that the army will remove the wheat koulaks (rich peasants). Tintin managed to save the wheat but is sentenced to death. In escaping, it is sinking into the polar regions in Russia, where the Guépéou chased. The adventures follow (a haunted house, a secret lair, Tintin plane that flies, comes at a German airfield, was acquired by the Guépéou, is finally saved by Milou). When they arrive in Berlin, a man Guépéou seeks to chloroformer, but Tintin managed to stop doing so. When try again to return to Russia, its superb car slips and falls into a train that runs our heroes to Brussels, where they are welcomed as heroes.
* Author: Hergé
* Publisher: Le Petit Twentieth (1930), then Casterman (from 1981)
* Locations: Belgium, Germany, Soviet Union
* Time: 1929-1930
* Tintin (first appearance)
* Milou (first appearance)
The other characters are secondary. Many are anonymous. Among the few affublés a common surname, it should be noted:
* Dimitrieff Solowztenxopztzki (appears on page 53, with his colleague, it seeks to sink the boat Tintin)
* Lulitzosoff (appears on page 93; Tintin capture it, but it becomes available).
* Rodrobertine is the name of an aviator confused with Tintin (disguised as an aviator to escape).
* An officer of Guépéou dreaming of capturing Tintin: "I will be decorated with the order of" sickle aluminum stretched! "
* Tintin: "In this beautiful city qu'était Moscow is what the Soviets were a quagmire infect! "
* Tintin: "So while the people died of hunger, huge quantities of wheat go abroad to certify the so-called wealth of the Soviet paradise. "
* A German policeman: "This document tells us that man is a bolcheviste and his intention to blow up the dynamite all the capitals of Europe. "
* Tintin: "Another wounds of Russia today, these bands of abandoned children, vagabondant in cities and rural areas, live by theft and begging. "
* Snowy: "Poor kids. "
* Snowy: "I do t'abandonnerai ever, oh Tintin."
A pamphlet against the Bolshevik system
On 10 January 1929, Hergé created, commissioned by the abbot Wallez, owner of The Twentieth Century, the character of Tintin for Youth Supplement Le Petit Vingtième. At that time, there was anti-Communist obsession very important and it did not seem too bad the leaders of the newspaper to their young readers aware of the reality of Bolshevism.
It is the abbot Norbert Wallez, director of the Twentieth Century, which had the idea to invent a character who can show the young Belgians the situation in the USSR. It entrust this project to Hergé, editor of the Petit Vingtième. Thus was born Tintin.
The abbot Wallez, politically very right, is counting on this "report" to denounce the evils of communism. Thus, Hergé plays with the so-called healthy economic union: the hero Tintin visiting a factory realizes that it is in fact a simple decor. He also discovers that does not distribute bread to young children who are not communists, and that the Government diverts crop farmers for propaganda purposes abroad. There is also a scene where three communist address a gathering of people to carry out a "vote" among a list communism and a non-communist list. The three communist ask those who are for the non-Communist to raise their hands, while shining their revolvers into the crowd. Person n'osant raise their hands, the Communist list is therefore elected unanimously.
To create Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, Hergé has not had the opportunity to visit the country in which Tintin was sent, or to draw on a wealth of documentation. All the elements contained in this episode were provided by Moscow without sails, written by Joseph Douillet, former consul of Belgium in Russia, in Rostov-on-Don. In his book, Douillet attack strongly communism and the Soviet Government; Tintin in the Land of the Soviets is somehow setting comic Moscow without sails, which was its main source documentary.
The documentary sources limited
Herge has never been in the USSR, it draws its information mainly in the book Moscow without sails written by Joseph Douillet, former consul of Belgium in the USSR. The copies of entire passages, for example a scene where communists are elected by threatening voters with their revolvers (page 33). Here is a quote from the book Douillet:
"The communist comrade Oubiykone (outgoing chairman of the executive committee) gave a speech. Here are the terms in which it apostropha the crowd: "Three lists are present: one is that of the Communist Party. Let those who oppose this list raise their hands!" At the same time, Oubiykone and his four colleagues out their revolvers and désignèrent the crowd of peasants, the weapon threatening the fist. Oubiykone continued: "Who was against this list? Person? I declare that the list Communist pass unanimously. It is therefore unnecessary to vote for the other two." "
Other citation Douillet who clearly inspired Hergé:
"In a village where there were ten schools, it survived under the Soviet regime a high school: mixed. The Communists meet indeed, with a premeditated immoral, the two sexes in schools. "
Later, Hergé tell that he knew of the USSR that what we said in its midst who was the petty bourgeoisie Brussels. As for Tintin au Congo, he will then have as little documented and have fulfilled these adventures pictures of the time. Later, he will seek to avoid such errors in producing a work of considerable documentation for each story.
"I was employed in a newspaper and there was above me the editor, and above the editor, there was the reporter. And the reporter, was the great traveller, when there were cruising yellow, where there were all those who traveled the world as Kessel. So I wanted to make Tintin a newspaper reporter that he too would travel. And on his first voyage, the thing that seemed most important at the time was this country that we reached echoes terrifying and often contradictory, it was the Soviet Russia."
The first work of Herge
In creating this story that Hergé has learned to make the BD. Tintin, at the beginning of history, no fine and has the air of a big lourdaud scout, but in the end, it looks much more the character that we know. However, the technique of dialogue integrated into the design is far from being the best. In some ways, these 138 boards have allowed Hergé everything an apprenticeship.
Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, originally published before the war to 5 000 copies, was the only album not to be taken over by Casterman, according to the will of Hergé. The album became quickly found and collectors were obviously willing to pay dearly for having a copy. Also, counterfeits they saw the day. It was not until 1973 that the album was found republished in the form of a volume of the Archives Herge. In 1981, to counter new pirated versions, Tintin in the Land of the Soviets was reissued in the form of a genuine facsimile. For 70 years of Tintin, Casterman, with the permission of the Herge Foundation, published Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, always in black and white in the same form as other albums, against the will of Herge who wanted the Tintin first album remains outside the actual series.
A "pirate" colour is still circulating.
A hero still rough
The character of Tintin was brand new, drawing refined during the adventure. "Houppette" hero "is not always the same form. Although it is in black and white, this album has allowed Hergé preparing its design. The character of Tintin is not yet fully defined. It is one of three albums where you can see Tintin drunk (the others being The Broken Ear and The Crab with the Golden Pliers). However, it is already generous: it invites a beggar to dinner with him (the beggar will prove to be an agent of Guépéou disguised).
An episodic style
Because the type of publication (two pages per week), adventure resembles a series of gags or mini-ups, interspersed with denunciations of Soviet totalitarianism. At the end of each second board, Tintin is regularly threatening to maintain the suspense. Each week, the work of Herge Tintin is to get out of the danger which threatens or to invent something new.
On May 8, 1930, when the adventure was finally released in Petit Vingtième, the newspaper announced the return of Tintin at the Gare du Nord in Brussels and hired someone to play the role of Tintin. A crowd rushed immediately to the station, demonstrating the success of the work of Herge. The scene was also included in the album.
Read also The Adventures of Tintin and Snowy
The Adventures of Tintin and Snowy
The Adventures of Tintin and Snowy is the title of a series of comic books created by Belgian cartoonist Herge (1907-1983), whose nickname was formed intiales reverse his real name Georges Remi.
The series was first published in Le Petit Vingtième, children's supplement of the Belgian newspaper the Twentieth Century, January 10, 1929. The Adventures of Tintin take place in a carefully reproducing universe of ours, full of characters with character traits well defined. This series is so popular tirelessly for over 70 years by readers and critics.
The hero of the series is the eponymous character Tintin, a young reporter and globe-trotting Belgian. He is accompanied during his adventures by his faithful dog: Milou. Later, several popular figures have been grafted the adventures, including Captain Haddock and other senior secondary characters in colour.
The hit series was published in the form of albums (23 total), became a large-circulation magazine (Le Journal de Tintin), and has been adapted to both the cinema and theatre. The Adventures of Tintin are among the most famous European comics of the twentieth century. They have been translated into about fifty languages and sold more than 200 million copies.
The cartoon Tintin has long appreciated for his drawings of both live and stripped in line with the style created by Herge, the line clear. The intrigue captivating and well-documented albums of Tintin mixes genres: the adventures of cape and sword with a touch of fantasy to police investigations, through the stories of espionage, or even science fiction. The stories told in Tintin are still the greater part humour "banana skin" (in English slapstick), offset humour in the latest albums by a subtle sense of irony and reflection on society.
Tintin is a reporter, whose profession Herge uses to mix his character in several contemporary events of the period during which he worked (in particular the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia and the World War II), and even some newer (the first landing on Moon). Hergé has also created around the world Tintin a stylized details, but realistic. He came to get that effect, drawing a large collection of photographs.
The Adventures of Tintin follow a very linear plot - a mystery solved in a logical way - but the Hergé presented with a sense of humour characteristic. Moreover, there is introduced secondary characters who, though predictable, are endearing and capture the attention of the reader. The designer was also particularly well understood mechanisms of comic books, particularly in rhythm. This sense of rhythm is evident in Les Bijoux de la Castafiore, an album whose action takes place in a tense atmosphere when he did not go much!
Hergé was in the early days created the adventures of Tintin in improvising, not knowing in advance how the heroes will come out of all its misfortunes. It has been brought to document and plan its scenarios after completing Cigars of the Pharaoh. The impetus came from Zhang Chongren (Tchang Tchong-jen and Chang), a Chinese student who, learning that Hergé would send Tintin in China for its next adventure, prompted not peddling the ideas that received had Europeans of the time on China. Herge and Zhang have worked together on the next episode of the series: The Blue Lotus, which is regarded by critics as one of the masterpieces of Hergé.
The external events have also forced Hergé to make other changes in the way he had to create his cartoons. The Second World War and the invasion of Belgium by Hitler's armies have resulted in the closure of the newspaper which appeared in The Adventures. Herge was working at that time on Tintin in the land of black gold, which would appear after the war. Tintin in America and Black Island, already published, were banned by the Nazi censors, frustrated by how the USA and Britain were presented. However, Hergé has been able to continue the adventures of Tintin, publishing five albums, and by issuing two other episodes in a newspaper approved by the Germans, Le Soir. During and after the German occupation, Hergé has been accused of being a collaborator, because this newspaper was controlled by the Nazis. He was briefly detained after the Liberation. He defended by claiming he had simply done his job during the Occupation, as would a plumber or a carpenter. His work this time, unlike its production before and after the war, is politically neutral, and gave adventures classics as The Secret of the Unicorn and Red Rackham's Treasure. However, the apocalyptic album reflects the shooting star doubts Hergé during this politically turbulent time.
The shortage of paper of the immediate post-war caused a change of format of Adventures. Hergé used to give his albums a number of pages needed to develop its scenarios. However, because of restrictions on paper, the publisher Casterman asked Herge drawing boards smaller, and adopt an arbitrary length of 62 pages per album. Hergé has expanded its team (the top ten albums had been designed by himself and his wife), which he eventually transformed into the studio.
The adoption of color allowed Hergé give greater scope to his work. His way was to use more subtle than the Americans, with values made a better impression, allowing the use of Quadrichromie and, thus, a film of light and shadows. Herge and his studio used images to fill half pages, or simply to detail and put forward a scene. The use of color highlighted the important details. Hergé emphasizes this point by saying: "I consider my stories as movies. So, no narration, no description. All importance, I give the image."
The personal life of Herge has also influenced the series, for example with Tintin in Tibet, heavily influenced by his depression. His nightmares, he would have described as "white" are echoed in the snowy landscapes of the album. The plot is based on research carried out by Tintin to find Zhang Chongren, met earlier in The Blue Lotus. This episode does not staged bandit and Herge, who abstains from any value judgement, refuses to classify the Snow Man (Yeti) of "abominable".
The Adventures of Tintin ended prematurely with the death of Herge March 3, 1983. The twenty-fourth adventure, Tintin and Alph-Art, remained unfinished. In this album, Tintin in the changing world of modern art, and history ends with a scene where Tintin may be killed, encased in Plexiglas, and exposed as a work of art.
Albums original Herge
1. Tintin in the Land of the Soviets (1930)
2. Tintin au Congo (1931)
3. Tintin in America (1932)
4. Cigars of the Pharaoh (1934)
5. The Blue Lotus (1936)
6. The Broken Ear (1937)
7. The Black Island (1938)
8. The Sceptre Ottokar (1939)
9. The crab claws the gold (1941)
10. The shooting star (1942)
11. The Secret of the Unicorn (1943)
12. Red Rackham's Treasure (1944)
13. The Seven Crystal Balls (1948)
14. Prisoners of the Sun (1949)
15. Tintin in the land of black gold (1950)
16. Objective Moon (1953)
17. We walked on the Moon (1954)
18. L'Affaire Tournesol (1956)
19. Coke in stock (1958)
20. Tintin in Tibet (1960)
21. The Jewels of the Castafiore (1963)
22. Vol 714 pour Sydney (1968)
23. Tintin and the Picaros (1976)
24. Tintin and Alph-Art (1986, reissued in 2004) (unfinished, published posthumously)
Projects incomplete and never published
* The Indian Trail (1958)
Project unfinished where Herge wanted to address the problems of American Indians with more seriously than in Tintin in America.
* Nestor and Justice (1958)
Draft adventure in which Nestor is accused of murder.
* Pills (1960)
In the short of inspiration, Hergé asked Greg to write a screenplay. It was finally abandoned, Hergé preferring the freedom to create his stories only.
* Tintin and Thermozéro (1960)
Continuation along with Greg, the project of "pills", echoing the fabric of the latter. Also dropped for the same reasons. A little more than a dozen boards crayonnées were drawn.
* Between 1967 and 1975 (during the cocktail presentation Flight 714 to Sydney in France, the local Parisian Qantas, Australian airline?):
Jacques Bergier offers Hergé to restore scene. "We learn one day that Sunflower has replaced Einstein at Princeton University, and he is a chair semiology, the science of science, the science of expression. I submit Professor Tournesol by providing my tribute, and this could be the starting point for new adventures to discover the absolute science. " (see)
* One day in winter, at an airport (1976 - 1980 - exact date unknown)
Draft adventure taking place only in an airport, attended by many colourful characters. Abandoned for the benefit of Alph-art.
Albums adapted films
* Tintin and the mystery of the Golden Fleece (1962) adapted from the eponymous film with live actors. Made up of pictures taken from the film.
* Tintin and oranges Blue (1965) adapted from the eponymous film with live actors. Made up of pictures taken from the film.
* Tintin and the SGM (General Minerals Corporation Belgian) (1970) paperback 50 pages, edited by Publiart (Guy Decissy) / Casterman, adapted from the animated film of the same name produced by Belvision the same year (Cases extracted from the film, see).
* Tintin and the lake of sharks (1972) adapted from the animated film. Scenario Greg, boxes of plates are extracted from the film. There is a version fully drawn by Hergé Studios.
o Portraits "Tintin" (1966 - Casterman)
o Thomson and Thompson detectives, written by Paul Kinnet, illustrated by Herge (1943 - Le Soir - Rombaldi Volume 6)
o Tintin and Snowy among Toréadors, written by Jean Roquette (1947 - Hearts Vaillants)
o Chromos "See and Know" (1953 to 1963 - Journal of Tintin, with Jacobs, Jacques Martin, Bob de Moor, Roger and Georges Fouillé Leloup, the decorations)
Tintin and Snowy
Tintin is a young Belgian reporter who finds himself embroiled in a dangerous business where he spends héroiquement for action to save the day. Virtually all the Tintin adventures show enthusiastically performing its tasks investigative journalist, but excluding the first album, we do not ever see in the process of writing articles. He is a young man adopting a more or less neutral, it is less picturesque than the latter roles in the series. In this regard, it is the image of Mr-all-the-world (Tintin stands for french literally "anything").
Snowy, a white fox terrier, is the four-legged companion of Tintin. They save regularly both situations of peril. It "speaks" often the reader through his thoughts (often displaying a humorous deadpan), which are supposed not to be heard by other characters. As Captain Haddock, Milou loves whisky Loch Lomond. The few times he drinks it attract trouble, and cause him to a violent arachnophobie. The name of Milou is generally regarded as an indirect reference to a love of youth by Herge, Marie-Louise Van Cutsem, whose nickname was "Malou".
It may explain the origins of two characters. Some have alleged that Robert Sexé, a reporter-photographer whose exploits were recounted in the Belgian press in the mid to late 20, had inspired the character Tintin. It is famous for its resemblance to the latter, and the Herge Foundation has recognized that it was not difficult to imagine that the adventures of Sexé have been able to influence Hergé. At that time, Sexé had travelled the world on a motorcycle manufactured by Gillet and Herstal. René Milhoux was a champion and record holder motorcycle at the time. In 1928, while at Herstal Sexé was discussing its projects with Leon Gillet, Gillet put into contact with its new champion, Milhoux, who had just left the bikes ready for the team Gillet-Herstal. The two men quickly lièrent friendship and spent hours talking about motorcycles and travel, Sexé asking Milhoux to transmit his knowledge of mechanics and motorcycles pushed beyond their limits. With this mixture of erudition and experience, Sexé conducted a large number of trips across the world, he has published several reports in the press.
The secretary-general of the Herge Foundation admitted that you could easily imagine that the young Georges Remi was able to be inspired by the exploits of two friends, media, Sexé with his travels and his documentaries, and Milhoux with its victories and its records, to create the characters of Tintin, the famous globe-trotting journalist, and his faithful companion Snowy.
Captain Archibald Haddock, a marine commander descent contested (it is perhaps original English, French or Belgian) is the best friend of Tintin. It appeared for the first time in The Crab claws of the gold. Haddock was initially portrayed as a character unstable and alcoholic, but he became more respectable in the future. It turns into a real hero, and even mundane personality after discovering the treasure of his ancestor, François de Hadoque in Red Rackham's Treasure. The human side and gruff, sarcasm Captain just temper the incredible heroism of Tintin. It is always quick to comment asséner edged whenever the young reporter seems too idealistic. Captain Haddock lives in the luxurious Chateau de Moulinsart. Haddock uses a colorful palette of insults and swear words to express his bad mood, such as: "A thousand million billion thunder Brest", "Wren", "Bashi-bazouk", "Ectoplasm", "Anacoluthe," " Cholera ", but none is actually considered a rudeness.
Haddock is an inveterate drinker, amateur unconditional whisky Loch Lomond. Its moments of intoxication are often used to cause a comic effect.
Hergé said that the surname of Haddock was inspired by a "sad English fish who drinks a lot", said the smoked haddock - or haddock - he particularly appreciated. Haddock has remained without a name until the last album, Tintin and the Picaros, where Archibald is the first name mentioned.
The secondary characters Hergé were recognized as being more fleshed out that the central character. Each of them has a certain force of character and a complex personality who sometimes been compared with those of characters of Charles Dickens. Hergé has used the latter roles to create a realistic universe serve as a framework the adventures of his characters. For more realism and consistency, these characters reappeared throughout the series of albums. It has been argued that the occupation of Belgium and the limits imposed by Herge had compelled to focus on describing the characters to avoid having to talk about the difficult political context of the time. The majority of secondary character Adventures of Tintin was created during this period.
* Professor Tryphon Sunflower, physicist head-to-l'air and hard of hearing, is a character of secondary importance - but recurring - alongside Tintin, Snowy and Captain Haddock. It appeared for the first time in Red Rackham's Treasure. Sunflower is partly inspired by Auguste Piccard (a Swiss physicist). Initially unpopular with the characters pincipaux, his generous nature and its scientific skills have enabled him to forge lasting ties with them.
* Thomson and Thompson are packed two detectives who, while having no relationship, seem to be twins whose only visible difference is the shape of their moustache. They contribute in large part to the comic adventures by their chronic tendency to make contrepètries and their gross incompetence. The two detectives are, among others inspired, father and uncle of Herge, twins who wore both a bowler hat identical.
Other characters also play a role in more or less recurring:
* General Alcazar
* The emir Ben Kalish Ezab
* The Castafiore
* The senhor Figuera da Oliveira
* Jolyon Wagg
* Dr. Müller
* Colonel Sponsz
* Piotr Skut
* The lieutenant (later captain) Allan
The landscapes represented in Tintin add depth to the vignettes drawn by Hergé. There mixture of real and imaginary places. The starting point of his heroes is Belgium, with a first time on 26, rue du Labrador, then Castle Moulinsart. The best example of creativity Hergé on the subject is visible in the Sceptre Ottokar, where Hergé invents two imaginary countries (Syldavie and Bordurie), and invites readers to visit them by inserting a tourist brochure during history.
Hergé to research conducted its first-depth documentaries for the album The Blue Lotus, which he confirms himself: "It was then that I started to inform me, and I felt a real interest for people and countries in which j'envoyais Tintin, performing a sort of duty of credibility with my readers. " The material Herge and his photographic funds have helped build a realistic world for his hero. He went up to create imaginary countries and to develop a political culture that was their own. These lands were largely fictitious inspired by the countries and cultures in the age of Herge.
Pierre Skilling asserts that Hergé saw the monarchy as "a legitimate form of government", noting in passing that "the values [democratic] seem absent in this type of cartoon classic Franco-Belgian." The Syldavie, particularly is described with great detail, Herge having with a history, customs and language. It places this country somewhere in the Balkans, and it is based on the confession of the author himself, Albania. The country is attacked by its neighbor, Bordurie, which attempts to annex in the Sceptre Ottokar. This situation clearly recalls that of Czechoslovakia or Austria face of Nazi Germany just before World War II.
We can cite as examples the months of preparation necessary to Hergé to imagine the lunar expedition of Tintin, described in two parts in Objective One Moon and walked on the Moon. The research prior to the preparation of its scenario have been commented in the New Scientist: "The considerable research undertaken by Herge have enabled him to create a spacesuit very close to that which would be used for future lunar travel, even if its rocket was very different from what existed in the future ". For the latter, Hergé was actually inspired by the German V2.
Read also Tintin