A warning for the teachers. Song, the former principal in South Korea, in fact already did not remember again that he had punished his pupil who was named Kim because of cheating during the exam more than in the last 20 years.

Song at that point then punished by striking Kim several times although the pupil denied he cheated during the exam in 1987 that. South Korean police in Seoul, on Monday (10/11), said, Kim that currently is 37 years old on Saturday stabbed Song that was 58 years old until being killed after the former principal refused to apologise.

Police kept Kim because evidently since last January, Kim urgent Song in order to apologise because has wrong punished himself on charges of cheating that never the implementation.

"He claimed really was angry with Song that, according to him, struck him more than 100 times," said police, quoted Kim. Since last January he urgent Song in order to apologise, but the teacher refused to apologise.

Kim then telephoned, sent the electronics letter, and came to the house Song to urge him to apologise. "I did not cheat. Apologise. I will not leave you alone", said Kim's message. Police currently interrogate Kim's mental health.

The conduct of police

The BBC document

The conduct of police
Greek police were investigating the conduct of the element of several police that were ashamed of a suspect by forcing him to be naked in the central road of the Athens city.

Investigation was carried out after a Greek newspaper, Ethnos contained photographs about the incident yabg fell on one of the descendants's Asian men or this the Middle East. The man was forced to date clothes and depth trousers on the way. The newspaper contained this incident as headline was entitled "Guantanamo photographs in the Athens Centre".

As being reported by the BBC, on Monday (20/10), the photographs were received from an organisation of the incessant left wing campaigned defended the immigrant's rights. The organisation spokesperson, Petros Constantinou depicted this incident as the case of extraordinary racism. This incident has mencoreng police's Greek image that was making an effort to wage war on the crime and the violence in the Athens capital.


Mass poisoning


Mass poisoning
Party in a village in Hebei Province, north China, which should be busy and bustling changed mess and panic. The Beijing News daily, Monday (13/10), report, the father of the prospective bride who looks very happy to invite friends and family to a party Friday night before the wedding day.

Problems occur when the food is cooked in a pot too large flat because less salt. Guests requesting additional salt, but the pot is inserted into the white powder similar to salt to remove rust.

"All food boiled in a large pot. However, once the party is over, all guests will be too soft," write the Beijing News, while delegates. Several hours later, around 170 guests brought to the hospital because of stomach wind, vomiting, and diarrhea.

"When the hospital examination room full of patients with vomiting, stomach the wind, and diarrhea," said a doctor. However, this interference is only briefly, and all patients have been allowed to go home the next day. Guests acknowledge, they add that they think powdered salt into the food tasteless.

Acts concerning food poisoning in China almost always appear. Recently, milk powder formula that melamine contaminated create tens of thousands of babies entering the hospital suffering from kidney stones.

Read also The goat Also with the Condom

The goat Also with the Condom



The goat Also with the Condom
The condom evidently only was not used by humankind to prevent pregnancy. The Maasai breeders in Kenya also used him to control the number of his goat populations in order to stay surviving when the drought struck.

Of course not the normal condom was sold in the medicine shop and the supermarket. His function also was different because this contraception implement really prevented the male goat carrying out penetration to the opponent of his kind.

Basically this implement had the form resembled old contraception that was mentioned olor. This implement was made from the sheet of animal skin or plastic that was enough to close the stomach circle from the neck to the back leg. "That resembled clothes to cook," said Ole Ngosi Kipameto, one of the owners of cattle from the Kajiado district, around 80 kilometre from the Kenyan capital, Nairobi. This sheet was covered to the underside stomach and was tied used the mine rope or the plastic rope.

This method could be considered to be effective. Because, uptil now the breeders must separate the male and female goat. This matter did not only need a long time but also the cost and the power were bigger. "If they were pregnant during the dry condition like at this time, his mother will be exhausted and could not increase his child adequately," said Kipameto. The use olor quite only for 3 months during the hot season. When rain began to arrive in November, this condom was then released. The goat then again was free to be married.


Manuel Uribe


Manuel Uribe
The fattest man in the world from Mexico, Manuel Uribe revealed his plan to marry this month, after him was successful eliminated almost half of his weight.

"This will become the big marriage, but with the low guest plate calorie," said the man was 43 years old that was recorded as the man was fattest according to Guinness Book of Records in 2007.

Uribe that could not leave the bed because of fat him, admitted to being successful lowered 230 kilogram the weight from the weight 590 kilogram beforehand.

He will marry a widow named Claudia that has become his fiance for two years. The marriage will be carried out on October 26 in his house in Monterrey, Mexico north.

The friendly man revealed his marriage plan after meeting the sponsor from the international magazine, the television station, and the local resident that will contribute the cake for 400 guests.

Uribe will also invite the Mexican band to be named "Pesado" or "heavy" to entertain his guest. He also was grateful to the Lord for the "miracle" that was given to himself that almost the suicide, but afterwards got his love.

Source AP,

The Trap

The Trap
Taiwanese police used the SMS to trap and keep a rapist, a newspaper reported on Monday.

Hua Yeh-Hao, 24 years, followed a woman was 20 years old to his apartment during heavy rain on Sunday at dawn and raped him by carrying the knife, China Times reported.

Hua, that beforehand was recorded had robbed and carried out sexual insulting, escaped from the place of the incident by bringing casualties's cellular phone.

Casualties reported to police, but the security camera of the building did not record clearly the rapist, so the investigator's police the Route of Chin-chung used his property cellular phone personally to send the SMS to the MOBILE PHONE belonging to casualties, with hoped could trap the rapist in order to come again to the place of casualties.

The Lin message: "you were the type that was liked by me. If you promised could have an attitude softer, we could meet again."

Hua replied to this SMS and casualties answered as well as conversed for 10 minutes with him in order to not feel suspicious.

Casualties proposed himself really enjoyed the "experience" this morning and wanted to meet Hua in a motel, but Hua must return his cellular phone beforehand. Hua was kept when emerging on Sunday afternoon in the place that was promised in a Taipei region to meet casualties.

Jerry Seinfeld


Jerry Seinfeld
Jerome "Jerry" Seinfeld (29 April 1954 in Brooklyn, New York -) is a comedian, actor and American author.

In May 1981 he made a sketch noticed the Tonight Show Johnny Carson. It is through this sketch that his career took off.

In 1989, the situation comedy The Seinfeld Chronicles takes the antenna on the NBC network. Jerry Seinfeld and Larry David are co-creators of the show. Jerry plays the lead role. Despite the inexperience of the two authors, one of the leaders of NBC is seduced by the audacity of the concept of the program and uses its discretionary budget to order four episodes the two authors. The show is renowned and called Seinfeld. The comedy will become one of the biggest television successes of USA. Despite offers mirobolantes NBC, which offered a contract of 110 million dollars to the actor (5 million per episode, the absolute record offers the largest made by an actor in television series) for turning a tenth season , Jerry decides to end the series in 1998, adding that he could never spend such a sum. 180 episodes were presented.

Since the end of the show, Jerry's career is mainly to give performances. On November 2, 2007, (December 12, 2007 in France) is out "Bee Movie", film studio Dreamworks, in which Jerry Seinfeld plays the role of Barry B. Benson, a young bee who decides to bring a lawsuit to humans for stealing honey.

*It shows us how, with detergents present, we can remove bloodstains. But it is likely that a t-shirt covered with blood, our primary concern is not to remove the stain but to find a place to hide the body.
* It is surprising that the number of events that occur every day around the world meet exactly a newspaper.
* Why is it that the lemon syrup is made with chemicals while the liquid to wash the dishes is based on true lemon?

Read also The Indonesian comedian: Bing Slamet




Obelix is the companion of the Asterix comic book Asterix the Gaul Rene Goscinny and Albert Uderzo.

Origin of name

His name may have two sources:

* Obelisk (nm column formed a single block of stone carved in the shape of a pyramid very slender);
* Obel, obèle or obelisk (nm, a sign identifying an interpolation, a passage doubtful, in a manuscript former), because we must not forget that Goscinny knew the world of printing, given that his family owned a And that it joined the other end of typography his accomplice: asterisk / Asterix.

Build of Obelix
The large body of Obelix been a denial, but said it was "just a little wrapped" or is "not maigrichon is all" or "low pectoris. " This denial is a clear humorous recurring albums in the series, Obelix not stopping s'énerver or eschew whenever the wholesale deals. Some examples:

* In Asterix legionnaire, Asterix and Obelix, engaged in the Roman legion under the command of Caesar, attacked alone a military camp enemy of Scipio, a legionnaire panic cries "But this is the bulk of troops from Caesar? "And Obelix, while a cohort défonçant Roman responds red with anger:" No Môssieur!". Later, he criera the same thing when the legionnaire, terraced by beatings, soupirera: "So this was not the bulk of tr ... ? "Without finishing his sentence. In the same episode, when the new legionnaires must take place, the guard said there are three sizes small, medium and large. " With tranquillity, Obelix takes an average size, Asterix told him not to be stupid, Obelix rétorquant, while blowing his chest, "What, What is my size" ...

* In The Son Asterix, during a dispute, Asterix alleges, inter alia, Obelix its corpulence. Later, once reconciled, Obelix Asterix asks him if he does not want, and Asterix avoids the odd bit: "But no major b. .. Major beta!"

* In Asterix and the Magic Carpet, Obelix is dealing with "big pachyderm" by the fakir Kihça angry after having failed to capsize the flying carpet on which they travelled. Further, India, Obelix sees for the first time a real elephant and said, interviewer: "I really do not see the relationship with me?!".

* In La Rose and the sword, Obelix that bears his eternal garment vertically striped white and blue, mocking the new mistress of school wearing braies (trousers) with horizontal stripes, saying "everybody knows that it is in the sense that vertical stripes thin!"

Obesity of Obelix was not alone:

* He loves to eat wild boar, and rarely eat one meal in each village.

* In Asterix in Brittany, Asterix and Obelix fall into a tavern and Asterix Orders Two cervoises: Obelix then shouted: "For me too!".

* In Asterix and Cleopatra, when asked to Obelix three shares to cut a cake, cut it in two and when he is accused, he replied that he has cut three in taking the rest of the cake.

* In Asterix legionnaire, Panoramix concerned by the apathy of a Obelix who does not finish his meal Asterix asks if he ate something before, the latter replied: "Two Sangliers" and Panoramix of mumbling, ' air anxious: "So he did not eat."

* In The Twelve Tasks of Asterix, he triumphed easily from one event to enjoy a great feast (wild boar, elephant ...) who leaves his hunger: "The cook has dropped just after the off-d 'work!"

* In The Shield arverne in a hostel, Asterix Orders Two wild boar in wine, then Obelix cries for me too!

Obelix and the magic potion
As explained in the album How Obelix Fell into the Magic Potion When he was a Little Boy, Asterix had been discreetly introduced Obelix in the hut Panoramix and had ingested a whole pot of potion, as others laughed at him. Since then, the effects are permanent home. Panoramix still refuses to give the potion to Obelix because the results would be dangerous, given qu'Obélix is still under the influence of the potion. Instead of explaining clearly, Druid said simply that usual because it is "fell into the pot when he was small." There are exceptions, however:

* In the album Asterix and Cleopatra, he is a prisoner with Asterix and Panoramix in a pyramid. To help force a wall, Panoramix authorizes him to drink three drops of potion. Its strength is then further increased tenfold for a few seconds, enabling him to break the wall with ease;
* In the album La Galère of Obelix, angered by a new refusal by the druid usual about the potion while the other villagers started the fight, Obelix swallowed whole pot reserve potion kept in the house of Panoramix. However, he did not know the harm that would fall on him: on their return, the Gauls discovered Obelix transformed into granite. After several attempts to bring to life a favorite potions and other Obelix turns into a child after being approached Dogmatix.

Read also The Flintstones




The contrepeterie (sometimes called antistrophe) is a pun which is to swap some phonemes or certain syllables of a sentence, to get a new sentence, often with a comical sense, even grivois. You can also say that this is "the art of sounds that shift debit our mouth", the definition itself containing two contrepèteries.

Example: "My uncle loses courage to clusters of patent" becomes a rotational p and m, "My uncle loses courage to bait my aunt.

The newspaper Le Canard enchaîné is famous for his weekly contrepèteries selection in the section entitled On Album of the Countess created by Yvan Audouard, taken by Henri Monier, Luc Etienne (who was Regent of the College Astropétique 'Pataphysics) then taken over by Joel Martin.

It is customary that never gives a solution contrepèterie everyone to find itself. Doing it as the beginning of this paragraph would be incorporated a very serious lack of taste. It is said you have to be three to enjoy a contrepèterie: one that stated, one who understands it, and whoever does not understand.

Additionally, correspondence sounds must be strict, there can be no question of saying: "The Minister of Finance decreed all reductions feasible."

Sixteenth century
Who could have been the origin of such a process if it is shown François Rabelais? Thus in 1532 appeared with his Pantagruel first two examples of the genre: the famous "mad woman to Mass" and equivocation on "Beaumont-le-Vicomte".

Forty years later, the Burgundian Stephen Tabourot, Mr. Accords, publishes Bigarrures and keys, the first book containing an article dealing exclusively with the subject. It includes the first reference to the term "contrepéterie" previously designated by the designations "antistrophe" or "equivocation"

Twentieth century
We can not find a trace referring to the written contrepet for several centuries until the release of confidential Treasury equivocal, antistrophes and contrepéteries of Jacques Oncial in 1909, the first treaty to be fully devoted; oral tradition has enabled this art d 'reach us, for our greatest happiness! These include the publication in 1924 of PTO, a collection of jokes identified by J.-W. Bienstock and Curnonsky whose trade-offs edition includes an additional chapter entitled "Le Petit Thursday badin of contrepetteries," identifying a few dozen contrepèteries.

It seems that in 1934 one of the pillars of literature contrapétique: Contrepèteries of La Redoute. Louis Perceau are compiled and sorted hundreds of contrepèteries succulent from oral tradition as well as its own composition. It is in this book that you can find many classics such as "The noodles cook the cane juice," which opens the way to fanfare. In 1951, the weekly Le Canard enchaîné actively contributes to the popularity of the contrepèterie through Henri Monier who created the first - and so far only - category specifically devoted to it: On the Album of the Countess. A few years later one of the secretaries of the Countess publishes the second major work such as: "The art of contrepet" Luc Etienne in 1957, whose subtitle is "Little Treaty to use to resolve Amateurs the proposed Contrepèteries and invent new ". In addition to introducing the term "contrepet," this book really give him his letters of nobility by proposing a methodical study and relevant, in addition to numerous examples including the famous novel "I leave you in choosing the date."

The contrepeterie in literary history
* François Rabelais, is said to be the inventor of the process:
o "Panurge disoit there was a mad woman antistrophe between the Mass and the woman soft buttock. "
o "Beaumont-le-Vicomte"

* Tabourot Estienne (1547-1590):
o "All the girls doubt their foy. "
o "Taste me this farce! "
o "The black me fuyt"
o "This woman is a lieuse of thistles. "

* Victor Hugo:
o "I made the hunchback cocu, I made the beautiful cul cosy. "Moreover, went to posterity examples (supposed) involuntary, of its own, such as:
o "The defeat of his heart."

* Closer to home, Benjamin Péret published a book in 1928:
o "The rust encagees."

* Boris Vian:
o "the painter gives opinions on the bare"
o "Colin [...] tailla to bevel the corner of his eyelids mates. "

* Robert Desnos wrote a number in the section on Rrose Sélavy gathering Corps and property, often giving solution:
o "In a temple stucco pastor of apple juice distillait psalms. "
o "Rrose Sélavy familiar with the merchant salt"

The first collection of contrepèteries is the rare "Treasury equivocal, antistrophes and contrepéteries" Jacques Oncial, published in 1909 by some 300 copies. Then in 1934 "La Redoute of contrepèteries" Louis Perceau which lists hundreds, many times from a work by Jacques Oncial. "On the Album of the Countess," set up after the war in Le Canard enchaîné, has also played an important role in the dissemination of this art to shift the sounds. He published a poem a day which presented two levels of reading. Here is the first quatrain:

"The tribute to their environment than poets
A woman always disappointed offer ardent
Flatte certainly the goal but n'apaise the quest:
The wait has pleasures that we do a moment."

The contrepeterie on Radio London
Radio London, sent the resistance messages, various sentences, meaning agreed.

Colonel Remy, eminent personality of Free France, says that before choosing such coded phrases to read on Radio London to warn the Resistance, he found himself being with his friends in possession of La Redoute contrepeteries.

They had the idea to use this book. And they were a joy when they heard the charming speakerine of the British radio read carefully neutral tone and diction perfect sentences, albeit within the meaning coded agreed, but that would have been ashamed if she had known what they could mean as contrepeteries.

It must be said that they did not have many opportunities to distract. The contrepèterie came to their aid in these difficult times.

Some contrepeteries
It is noted that often, contrepeteries allude to sex. The word is not survive the rest in french than in contrepeteries and songs paillardes. An example of contrepèterie without grivoiserie is the slogan of the time of the Occupation: "You should not say but Petain Metropolitan mollit too" case of a slogan, the solution was given. Similarly, opponents of the movement of Colonel de La Rocque "Cross-Fire" were soon to call the members of this party "Cold Queues."

Joel Martin has nevertheless written several chapters of contrepeteries "fair" in its "Bible contrepet." Others are circulating on the Internet, such as "Bring the pork."

Some names are a contrepeterie:

* Thierry d'Argenlieu
* Madame Vigee-Lebrun.
* High School Ampere (school in Lyon)
* Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Paris
* Jules Verne
* Alphonse de Lamartine
* De Gaulle
* Jean-Marie Le Pen (definition of Jean Cocteau)
* The rap group NTM
* Paul Piche

See trademark, advertising slogans:

* Mammoth crushes prices (Coluche)
* We live Auchan
* The effect Kiss Cool
* The Pie who sings
* The cow who laughs
* The Bank Address (without taboo words, contrary to "pull Lacoste")


* We will Two (review novels photos rose water)
* Le Matin de Paris
* After the election of Jacques Peyrat for mayor of Nice, a famous regional daily titra this double contrepeterie:

Peyrat Nice: After doubt, joy


* Conan the Barbarian
* The hill boots (western with Terence Hill)

The benign expression:

* Fred Hi!
* Patrick Hi!
* The choice in the date.
* Les Copains Hi!

And finally two contrepeteries that the French report with ridicule as being of Belgian origin, in reference to the supposed innocence of their neighbours:

* It is nice and warm.
* Tough.

Louis Perceau
Louis Perceau once wrote a reference book on the genre: "Contrepeteries of La Redoute." "You've read Perceau" is a phrase we like to say between insiders.

Luc Etienne
Comtesse du Canard for twenty-seven years. Luc Etienne became a specialist of this art, while admitting having read Perceau. He has written among other works ( "The method Mimile", "The Art of drawers charade") an "Art of contrepet" which is still reference today, and which contains passages quite worked as speech a tenant containing the following sentences:

"She was afraid of my word window:
Janitors do not like to be awakened abruptly.
But she insisted aspire my term,
I laissai work my bile and felt hated me.
A kind of rage I took the place of verve "

It ends with:

"She told me:" After this marc, should be a good dinette. "
I felt then greed janitors. "

It also gives advice: just as the charm of crosswords is to give definitions not trivial, we must once contrepet found him find a short introduction also appropriate for the innocent phrase basis that at its option sulphurous. Thus, the words "dogfish" and "bread", following the introduction only makes it more tasty contrepeterie:

"But I is not fishing, Mr. priest! J'agace the bats with my pieces of bread. "

And on "slumped" and "bazaar", what's more pleasing that these five words of introduction? :

"Exhausted by a long tail, the poor woman s'affale before the bazaar."

Jacques Antel
True disciple of Luc Etienne, Jacques Antel regent is the chair of contrepet College 'Pataphysics since April 20, 2000. He is the author of the classic "All my believed" with more than 500 contrepèteries novel (with the notable exception of those constituting the title). His specialty was hunting contrepèteries involuntary, as in his books' titles filled "and" Those whom the muse lives "respectively addressing the journalistic articles and French literature.

Joel Martin
Successor Luc Etienne under Comtesse du Canard, Joel Martin is the author of numerous publications all over contrepétillantes some than others, including "The bible of contrepet", "The Dictionary of the contrepèterie" and, more recently, a "What I know" about the contrepeterie.

Laurent Gerra & Jean-Jacques Peroni
During chronic satirical broadcast, (among other Grand Juron during the presidential campaign of 2007), Laurent Gerra imitator humorist and his co-author Jean-Jacques Peroni routinely use the contrepeterie most often placed in the mouth of politicians whose practice essay on calembredaine grivoise adds to the comic effect. The most famous are made by the inventor of the Feast of music, ex-Minister of Culture Socialist Jack Lang, "the muse Me" or "everyone who thinks the left and laughing," and by the Academician, former president Valery Giscard d'Estaing, "Africa is a good hostess" or "the tip of the globe called zan". Another pronounced with the voice of Jacques Chirac is "Tulle, Correze" (which refers to certain practices involving Maurice Thorez). Contrepèteries Note that these are not new, they had already been published by one of contrepétomanes cited above.

Armelle Finard
Armelle Finard is the author of several collections of contrepeteries in recent years. Joel Martin wondered, in relation to one of his books, "if the publisher bêle before Armande" or "if Finard has a big payroll"

Contrepeterie British spoonerism
The spoonerism is not as systematically grivois that is the contrepeterie French. Several spoonerisms are in the works of Shakespeare.

"The difference between a girl in a church and a girl in a bath that is the first one has a soul full of hope."

"I'd rather have a bottle in front of me, than a frontal lobotomy."

The word spoonerism comes from Reverend William Archibald Spooner (1844-1930) which was often, voluntarily or not, in his sermons.

"Those girls have a cunning array of stunts."

Even the cartoons are no exception.

"Daffy Duck."

Read also Parodie




The parody is a form of humor that uses the context, characters, expressions and the functioning of a work.


On television
* Les Guignols de l'info, parody of information and parodies in general.
* The Unknown, various parodies, especially television (cartoons, music videos, documentaries, sports programmes, serials, advertisements, etc.).
* Blank included parodied advertisements
* Téléchat, program for children who parodiait newspaper and television ads.
* Léguman series aired in this same issue, which parodiait the sentai.
* We C We, a group of french comic whose show on France 3 parodiait various sets and emissions.
* The Heart has its reasons parody the American soaps
* Parodies on land issue which specialized in the shields of excerpts from films, but also parodiait video clips and advertisements.

In cinema
Some films also use the winks to films, which they can pay tribute or not.

* Austin Powers, parody films spy James Bond
* Le Bal des vampires, parody films about Dracula
* War and Love (Love and Death), 1975, Woody Allen, parody of War and Peace and the Alexandre Nevski by Eisenstein
* The Grand Frisson (High Anxiety), 1977, Mel Brooks, parody of Alfred Hitchcock films
* Frankenstein Junior, parody films on Frankenstein
* Hot Shots, parody of Top Gun and Rambo
* Mars Attacks! parody of sci-fi movies
* OSS 117: Cairo, Nest of Spies, parody films espionage
* Sex Academy, parody films for teens
* Scary Movie, parody of several horror movies and other (Scream, The Sixth Sense, Matrix, etc.).
* Are there a pilot in the plane? (Airplane), parody films-like disasters Airport
* The Magnificent, filmed parody of the SAS series
* Top Secret, parody of Elvis Presley films and movies on the Resistance.
* The Dictator by Charlie Chaplin, some scenes parody films of Nazi propaganda.
* Spaceballs, parody of Star Wars
* Big Movie, parody films of Warner Bros.
* Spinal Tap parody groups hard rock and their daily tribulations.
* Galaxy Quest parody films Star Trek
* Superhero Movie parody films super-hero.

In Literature
(From the Greek parodia = bouffonne imitation of a poetic chant) Initially, during the comic tragedy, then book that ridicules a model known serious, determined a current literary or some way to write, accentuating their thematic or formal. It may have referred comic, but most of the time it takes care of a controversial dimension because it marks a break with books and currents that are perceived as outdated. Ex: The Don Quixote parody the novels of chivalry, and Gargantua and Pantagruel of Rabelais, the scholastic.

* The Molvanie, parody of travel guide
* The Tunnel of Abruticementation, parody of science-fiction
* Resident Debile 4, parody of Resident Evil 4.
* Bored of the Rings, parody Lord of the Rings.
* The Legend of the sexes, parody of The Legend of centuries.
* Barry Trotter, parody of Harry Potter.
* Der stars, comic parody of Star Wars.
* Pastiches by Roger Brunel, the great heroes of comics reviewed with humour and paillardise (note here, a shift of meaning to parody pastiche ...).
* Ella Enchanted.
* Rantanplan, parody of Rintintin.
* Dragon fall, parody of Dragon Ball.
* Our Cast Georges Perec, e lipogrammatique parody in The Disappearance of The Cast Charles Baudelaire in Flowers of Evil.
* Roland Barthes without penalty Burnier-Rambaud, parodiait form of manual published by Balland (1978), the style of Roland Barthes, see also VA Q Patrick Rambaud, published in 1986 (Balland) Marguerite Duras.
* Read an analysis of a few parodies and literary hoaxes in Great impostures literary Philippe Di Folco, published in 2006.
* FORUM BREAK Albatard pirate of the space.

(See page parodiste musical) used in parodies present is to resume a hit song of the moment and change the lyrics to a topical subject.

* Bidochons: They made parodies songs of the Beatles, Rolling Stones, Sex Pistols, Telephone ...
* The Unknown, through their songs also made fun of rock bands and variety.
* 6 / 9, the team behind the morning radio NRJ, has made many parodies of tubes passing themselves on the radio (whose simple chicken in 2004 came to be placed in second place behind the sales 'original Dragostea din Tei group O-Zone).
* IGO-Parodies parody of popular songs. He is very active in the field of radio in Quebec.
* Sebastien Cauet, the radio host made some parodies of songs (including debilitating it will mark Zidane, re-parodied to turn it into Zidane struck after the final of the World Cup 2006, officials Plage Records label who made the tube unexpected summer 2006)
* Choum a visitor is known for his parodies, often vulgar.
* The studio Paral & Piped is currently one of the most active in the field of musical parody.
* Fatal Bazooka parody rap in general.

Read also Eddie Murphy


The Flintstones


The Flintstones
The Flintstones (The Flinstones) is an animated television series American 166 episodes of 25 minutes, created by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera and broadcast between September 30, 1960 and 1 April 1966 on the ABC network. In France, the series was broadcast on Antenne 2 and then on Cartoon Network. In Quebec, the series was broadcast by Radio-Canada, Take 2 and TQS.

Everything happens in the Stone Age in a town called Bedrock (Caillouville in France and St. Granite Quebec), but where the company is exactly the same as that of the USA in the second half of the twentieth century. It is a fanciful version of prehistory where dinosaurs, ptérodactyles, tigers sabre-toothed, woolly mammoths and other animals disappeared long coexist with men in caves, which employ a technology similar to the twentieth century, using mainly of various animals as tools. The characters drive cars made of stone or wood and skins of animals, and operated by gasoline, although need to use his feet to put them on the way. The characters were beautiful fall theoretically the Stone Age, this has not prevented its creators to produce an episode for Christmas not only in the original series but also for the decades that followed.

This series, very freely adapted from the The Honeymooners, was aired in early evening and was a huge success.

One source of humor in this series is to use animals as objects of technology. For example, when people take pictures with an instant camera, inside the camera is a bird that burns the image on a stone tablet. Another instrument generally seen in the series is the baby woolly mammoth with the tube is used as a vacuum cleaner. The planes, in the case of travel Hollyrock for example, parody of Hollywood, are represented as ptérodactyles.

The story takes place at the Stone Age, several names of characters refer to the rocks: Fred Flintstone (Fred Flintstones in France and Fred Caillou in Quebec), Barney Rubble (Barney Laroche in France, Arthur Laroche in Quebec). There are also names of celebrities as amended Gary Granite, Stony Curtis and Ann-Margrock

The series draws its characters directly from the series The Honeymooners: Fred Flintstones, the husband and his turbulent gentle and quiet wife Délima Flintstones modeled Kramdens of the family and their neighbors and friends Arthur Laroche and Bertha Laroche modeled on the family Nortons. Later appear Agathe Flintstones, daughter of Fred and Délima and thump-thump Laroche, adopted son of Barney and Bertha. The Flintstones have a small domestic dinosaur named Dino who acts like a dog and Laroche have a kind of kangaroo named Hoppy. Fred Flintstones work in a quarry rocks, career Miroc for different patterns which, the best known, Mr. Miroc.

In the 1970's, this series has given birth to a spin-off series entitled Les Petits Flintstones (The Pebbles and Bamm-Bamm Show). It was also adapted in the form of comic books by Archie Comics.

The dubbing is in Quebec has contributed greatly to the success of the series in French-speaking North America. There are well-known members of the colony Quebec artists of the time including Paul Berval (Fred Caillou), Denise Proulx (Délima Caillou), Claude Michaud (Arthur Laroche), Monique Miller (Bertha Laroche) and Benoît Marleau (Dino) in the main roles. Several other artists are remarkable and notable appearances as Jean Besré (Charlot), Luc Durand (Joe Head-Pierre), Béatrice Picard (mother of Délima), Janine Sutto (grandmother Lance-Roche) and Serge Turgeon ( Grand Boubou). Unlike the majority of Quebec shields, the international french accent, which some describe as colonized, is replaced by a Quebec accent typically filled with local cultural references. This bias language, often scorned by purists in the world of dubbing Quebec, has been key to success more than once. One need only think of the dubbing of the animated series The Simpsons or even popular films such as Slap Shot (Start-Struck) or Flodder (Lavigueur move), which have become real success locally.

The version of the series aired from 1993 to 1995 on the satellite channel Cartoon Network took the dubbing famous - with the added bonus, the song of generic french - unlike the earlier episodes aired in France, which had adopted a dubbing french de France with major actors dubbing the moment that have often found in the shields of Hanna-Barbera cartoons of the era: Fred Flintstones was sung with gusto by Roger Carel (Mr Cosmos of the Jetsons, Asterix, C3PO), Barney Laroche by Gerard Hernandez (Grand smurf, Smurf grognon, Iznogoud, Pirlouit, Jack Dalton), Wilma Flintstones by Evelyne Grandjean (Arale, Jane Jetsons) and Betty Laroche by Laurence Crouzet (April O'neil, Lucy McBernik, Shina in the knight of the zodiac). Anything small world fit the delight of viewers french during broadcasts of the series in issuing Hanna-Barbera ding-dong of Antenne 2.

The actors Quebec dubbing original resumed service at the dubbing of the film produced by Steven Spielrock "(sic). The dubbed version only occurs on laserdisc NTSC Canadian, and then the DVD Zone 1 (DVD zone 2 french having too inherited a dubbing "local"). For the French version, these are the French equivalent voice actors who were not chosen and the resumption of the cartoon actors (John Goodman [Fred] is doubled by Jacques Frantz and Rick Moranis [Barney] by Luq Hamet, who also been the presenter of the show Hanna-Barbera ding-dong).

Similarly, boxes for six seasons on DVD (4 discs per package), fans of the original version Quebec will opt for the Canadian editions Warner (NTSC zone 1), available only on sites vpc U.S. PAL versions area 2 is also different (Cartoons collection of my childhood). However, there are DVD boxes "completely Anglicized" (with jacket and supplements bonus VF), but rare to find (only seasons 2 and 4 are still available), and full VO (jacket and bonus included), which retains dubbing in Quebec.

Read also Doraemon


The Indonesian comedian: Bing Slamet


The Indonesian comedian: Bing Slamet
Bing Slamet (was born: Cilegon, West Java, on September 27 1927; died: Jakarta, on September 17 1974) was one of the Indonesian joke maestros in his period with the Jaya quartet, the group that consisted of Bing Slamet, Ateng, Iskak and Eddy Sud. His name in fact the first time flying when gathering with the group of music of Eka Sapta that was begun during 1963, with several famous names like Yamin Wijaya, Ireng Maulana, Itje Kumaunang, Benny Mustafa and Idris Sardi. Moreover he also often playing in comedy films in the era in the 1960 's and in the 1970 's.

To recall him Titiek Puspa created the song that was entitled Bing.

Bing married Ratna Ko- Mala Furi and was blessed with eight children that is:
* Lukman Syah
* Hilman Shah, the father from Ayudhia Bing Slamet
* Firman Syah
* Iman Syah
* Ratna Lusiana atau Uci Bing Slamet
* Iwan Syah
* Ferdinand Syah atau Adi Bing Slamet
* Ratna Fairuz atau Iyut Bing Slamet

The solo album
* Menanti Kasih (Lokananta)
* Nurlaila (Irama Records)
* Puspa Ragam Lagu Indonesia No 49 'Seruan Gembala' (Irama -IRA 65)
* Puspa Ragam Lagu Indonesia No 50 'Aju Kesuma' (Irama -IRA 66)
* Kr Moritsu - Bing Slamet dan Orkes Kerontjong M Sagi (Irama - IRK 125-1)
* Es Lilin/Panon Hideung - Bing Slamet & Melodi Ria (Gembira Records RN 003)
* Varia Malam Eka Sapta Nonstop Revue (Bali Record BLM 7002)
* Kisah Pasar Baru Feat. Pajung Fantasi (Irama Records)
* Eka Sapta - Eka Sapta (Mutiara ML 1001)
* Burung Kutijija - Eka Sapta (Mutiara MEP 007)
* Kasih Remadja - Eka Sapta (Bali Record BER 007)
* Souvenir Pemilu 1971 Feat. Pohon Beringin
* Bing and Giman Bernyanyi - Eka Sapta (Bali Record 008)
* Bing Slamet and Eka Sapta - Eka Sapta (Bali Records BLM 7103)
* Romi and Juli - Titiek Puspa & Bing Slamet (Canary Record TCC 1032)
* Album Kenang-kenangan Bing Slamet - Bali Record BCC01
* Bing Slamet Tersayang - MGM Records

The album together
* MARI BERSUKA RIA with the Lenso Rhythm (the LPI Rhythm 17588) (1965)
* GAJAH DUNGKUL - the Puspa Point, Bing Slamet and Indonesian Tiga. (Bali record BLP 7005)
* Mak Tjomblang - Bing Slamet and Maya Sopha (Bali Record/Remaco)


* Solo di Waktu Malam (Borobudur Film,1952)
* Di Simpang Djalan (Canary Film 1955)
* Melati Sendja (Refic Film,1956)
* Pilihlah Aku (Geliga Film,1956)
* Radja Karet dari Singapura (Olympiad 1956)
* Hari Libur (Anom Pictures,1957)
* Tiga Buronan (Perfini 1957)
* Bing Slamet Tukang Betjak (Golden Arrow,1959) Nurlela, Diwajahmu Kulihat Bulan, Tukang Betjak
* Amor dan Humoir (Perfini 1961),
* Kisah Pelawak (PT Dara Mega Film 1961)
* Bing Slamet Merantau (Panah Mas Film 1962)
* Bunga Putih (PT Agora Film 1966)
* Hantjurnya Petualang (PT Sarinande Film 1966)
* 2 X 24 Jam (PT Bola Dunia Film 1967)
* Juda Saba Desa (Wahju Film 1967)
* Bing Slamet Setan Djalanan (Safari Sinar Sakti Film 1972)
* Ambisi (Safari Sinar Sakti Film 1973)
* Bing Slamet Dukun Palsu (Safari Sinar Sakti Film 1973)
* Bing Slamet Sibuk (Safari Sinar Sakti Film 1973)
* Bing Slamet Koboi Cengeng (Safari Sinar Sakti Film 1974)

Read also Eddie Murphy


Eddie Murphy


Eddie Murphy
Edward Regan Murphy, born April 3, 1961 is a comedian, actor and producer in the USA.

Eddie Murphy became famous in the USA through his talents as a comedian, discovered in his performance at the show Saturday Night Live and his performances Delirious (1984) and Raw (1987). Thereafter, his fame has reached the world through his roles in The Beverly Hills Cop, Professor Foldingue (Nigaud professor in Quebec), and more recently in Dreamgirls, for which he received an Oscar nomination in 2007 ( best supporting role). The channel Comedy Central ranks the tenth largest U.S. comic of all time.


Eddie Murphy was born in Brooklyn, New York. His mother is called Lilian Murphy and is operator and his father is Charles Murphy, policeman. The young Eddie was 3 years old when the couple divorce, (his father is tragically killed 5 years later by his new companion) and lives with his mother and his brother Charles (now actor and screenwriter) in Brooklyn until the age 10. Her mother remarries then with Vernon Lynch, a former boxer working as a foreman in a factory and ice cream that already have a son named Vernon. The family moved to Roosevelt, Long Island, where Murphy is attending school. His taste for humour is developing very early, and Murphy is already famous at school for his imitations and jokes that were the rage among students but also among teachers. It includes fast as his humour can go a long way and seeks early to occur before an audience. He is convinced of the possibility of making a career in show business and gives himself to show the slightest opportunity.

Early in the stand-up comedy and
He develops his own sketches, based on imitations of stars such as Lionel Richie, Bill Cosby, Al Green and Elvis Presley and occurs for the first time on stage in the youth centre in her neighborhood in July 1976. The comic style of his debut draws much of his idols Richard Pryor and Bill Cosby, famous American comedians which will be considered as the heir.

It executes its numbers in youth centres and bars with small stamps, the money raised will later join the Superior Technical School of Garden City district of New York. His reputation was quickly, and it has the opportunity to occur in the club comic mythical USA, the Comic Strip in New York. The owners of the club are very impressed by his talent and precocity and decide to take his career in hand.

In 1980 (Murphy was just 19 years), after a very short period of higher education, he spends a series of hearings to participate in television comedy program Saturday Night Live. He convinced the producers of the programme of his talent and participates in the 1980-81 season. His appearances are noticed, so it is part of the regular distribution as soon as next season. At the time, Saturday Night Live saw its audiences erode and the production budget was limited. During the 3 years that followed, Eddie Murphy and Joe Piscopo acolyte participate in most sketches passed to the antenna, and the program quickly regains his audience, giving Murphy a national reputation, thanks to a gallery of characters become cults.

Career actor
Personality rising to the USA through its participation in Saturday Night Live, Murphy was soon to take its first steps in cinema. The director Walter Hill, who is looking for a player that would give the reply by Nick Nolte in his new film, hears Murphy who then gets the role. 48 hours fate in 1982. Nevertheless, its interpretation can not seduced producers of the film, and we need the intervention of producer Jeffrey Katzenberg (co-founder of DreamWorks SKG with Steven Spielberg) so that Murphy was not returned. It receives over comedy, delivered by David Proval (known for his role as Richie Aprile on The Sopranos), during the shooting, to help find the aggressiveness needed for the interpretation of his role as malfrat.

In 1983, Murphy shared the bill with Dan Aykroyd in Trading Places, marking his first collaboration with John Landis (who later carry out a prince in New York and The Flic Beverly Hills 3), which proves to be the second commercial success of his career in so many films and it is indeed 21 years a summons to the Golden Globe Award.

In 1984, it appeared in the film A defence cannon that does not meet his public, but does not affect Murphy, whose involvement in this film is limited to a supporting role. He wished the poster in The Flic Beverly Hills, where he interprets the cop Axel Foley: the film then becomes one of the 10 largest commercial successes of all time the USA, propelling the Eddie Murphy rank of star.

Alongside his acting career, Murphy continued his career as a comedian and develop two shows in 80 years: Delirious (1983) and Raw (1990). His style mixes humorous imitations of stories and tales more or less based on his life and bear the traces of inspirations Eddie Murphy: Richard Pryor and Bill Cosby, he imitates elsewhere in his performances. His most famous sketches found in a series of albums, including Eddie Murphy (the Comic Strip Live) 1982 Comedian and in 1983, which won a Grammy Award for best comedy album. He even music with a series of singles between 1985 and 1993 (See Singles).

In 1986, he takes the leading role in the comedy Golden Child - L'Enfant sanctity of Tibet (The Golden Child) in 1987 and resumed his role as Axel Foley in Flic The Beverly Hills 2. As for The Golden Child, critics are not but praise the film is once again a huge success.

In a prince in New York (Coming to America) (1988), it embodies an African prince who travels to New York to find the ideal woman. In 1989, Murphy made his debut as a director and achieved a dream by working with his idol Richard Pryor in Harlem Nights, in which the action takes place in Harlem 30 years.

From success to failure
The early 90 marks a slowdown in his career, his films make less revenue in the World: Mr Deputy, Boomerang, and A Vampire in Brooklyn do not have the desired success. Even The Flic Beverly Hills 3 will not revive his career, this franchise had previously been very popular.

In 1996 the film sort Professor Foldingue (Nigaud professor), which is a great commercial success. Murphy plays again several different roles, with the help of special effects and makeup. This multiplication of himself in his films becomes a signature, and contributes to its success throughout his career, from a prince in New York in 1988 to Professor Foldingue (Nigaud professor) in 2000.

After Dr. Dolittle, Murphy alternates commercial success (voice in Mulan, The Family Foldingue, Shrek, Metro) and failures (Ecole father, Perpète, Showtime, Spy and a half). Some of these films are failures which écornent Murphy's image, the image of Pluto Nash in 2002, which remains to this day one of the films that generated the most losses in the history of cinema.

Eddie Murphy also multiplies the stakes in projects of films and animation series in the years 2000 with Shrek and the PJ's and Father of the Pride, television series in which he lends his voice.

In 2006, he played the role of James "Thunder" Early in Dreamgirls. This role allows him to win the Golden Globe for best supporting role "and gives him his first appointment to the 2007 Oscars in the category" Best Actor in a Supporting Role."

Personal life
Divorced from his first wife Nicole Mitchell Murphy with whom he had five children after 13 years of living together, Eddie Murphy is currently married to film producer, Tracey Edmonds since 1 January 2008. He also acknowledged on August 4, 2007 paternity of a daughter he had with the former singer of Spice Girl Melanie Brown, known as Angel Iris Murphy Brown, born April 3, 2007.

In 2007, Murphy lends his voice to the character of Donkey in Shrek the third, and keep the poster in the comedy Norbit, in which he plays three different characters. In 2008, it should appear in a science fiction comedy, Meet Dave, and a Shrek 4 has already been announced. In addition, Murphy announced the resumption of its role as Axel Foley in Flic The Beverly Hills 4 whose script is being finalized.


* 1980: Saturday Night Live, Lorne Michaels (TV show)
* 1982: 48 hours (48 Hrs.), Walter Hill
* 1983: Trading Places (Trading Places), John Landis
* 1984: A defence cannon (Best Defense), Willard Huyck
* 1984: The Flic Beverly Hills (Beverly Hills Cop), Martin Brest
* 1986: Golden Child - L'Enfant sanctity of Tibet (The Golden Child), Michael Ritchie
* 1987: The Flic Beverly Hills 2 (Beverly Hills Cop II), Tony Scott
* 1987: Eddie Murphy Raw by Robert Townsend
* 1988: A prince in New York (Coming to America), John Landis
* 1989: What's Alan Watching?, Thomas Schlamme (TV)
* 1989: Common Threads (archive footage) by Rob Epstein and Jeffrey Friedman
* 1990: Mandela in America (documentary)
* 1989: The Harlem Nights (Harlem Nights), Eddie Murphy
* 1990: 48 hours more (Another 48 Hrs.), Walter Hill
* 1992: Boomerang, Reginald Hudlin
* 1992: Mr MP (The Distinguished Gentleman), Jonathan Lynn
* 1993: Dangerous: The Short Films (video) (clip Remember The Time), John Singleton
* 1994: The Flic Beverly Hills 3 (Beverly Hills Cop III), John Landis
* 1995: A Vampire in Brooklyn (Vampire in Brooklyn), Wes Craven
* 1996: Professor Foldingue (The Nutty Professor), Tom Shadyac
* 1997: Metro (Metro), Thomas Carter
* 1998: Mulan, Tony Bancroft and Barry Cook (vocals)
* 1998: Dr. Dolittle (Doctor Dolittle), Betty Thomas
* 1998: Mister G (Holy Man), Stephen Herek
* 1999: Pèrpete (film), Ted Demme
* 1999: American Pimp Albert Hughes and Allen Hughes
* 1999: Bowfinger, King of Hollywood (Bowfinger), Frank Oz
* 1999: Stubbs (The PJs), Eddie Murphy, Steve Tompkins and Larry Wilmore (TV series) (voice)
* 2000: The Family Foldingue (Nutty Professor II: The Klumps), Peter Segal
* 2001: Shrek, Andrew Adamson and Vicky Jenson (voice)
* 2001: Dr. Dolittle 2, Steve Carr
* 2002: Showtime, Tom Dey
* 2002: Pluto Nash (The Adventures of Pluto Nash), Ron Underwood
* 2002: Spy and a half (I Spy), Betty Thomas
* 2003: School father (Daddy Day Care), Steve Carr
* 2003: Shrek 4-D, Simon J. Smith (vocals)
* 2003: Le Manoir haunted and 999 ghosts (The Haunted Mansion), Rob Minkoff
* 2004: Shrek 2, Andrew Adamson, Kelly Asbury and Conrad Vernon (voice)
* 2004: Father of the Pride, Jeffrey Katzenberg (TV series) (episode Donkey)
* 2004: Far Far Away Idol, Simon J. Smith (video) (voice)
* 2006: Dreamgirls, Bill Condon
* 2007: Norbit, Brian Robbins
* 2007: Shrek the Third (Shrek the third), Chris Miller & Raman Hui (voice)
* 2008: Call me Dave (Meet Dave), Brian Robbins
* 2009: The Flic Beverly Hills 4 (Beverly Hills Cop IV), Brett Ratner


* Eddie Murphy (1982) (sketches)
* Comedian (1983) (sketches)
* How Could it Be (1985) (music)
* So Happy (1987) (music)
* Love's Alright (1992) (music)


* "Boogie In Your Butt / No More Tears" (Columbia, 1982) (sketches / music)
* "Party All The Time" (featuring Rick James) (Columbia, 1985) (music)
* "How Could It Be" (featuring Crystal Blake) (Columbia, 1985) (music)
* "Put Your Mouth on Me" (Columbia, 1989) (music)
* "Til The Money's Gone" (Columbia, 1989) (music)
* "I Was A King" (Motown, 1993) (music)
* "Whatzupwitu" (duet with Michael Jackson) (Motown, 1993) (music)
* "Desdemona" (Motown, 1993) (music)

Read also Bernie Mac


Bernie Mac


Bernie Mac
Bernie Mac (* October 5, 1957 as Jeffery Bernard McCullough in Chicago, Illinois; † August 9, 2008 ibid) was an American actor.

He grew up in a big family. In his youth he lost his mother through breast cancer, including two of his brothers are already on his life died. At the age of only 19 years, Mac 1977 for professional comedians.

His film debut was with a small role in Meh 'money (Mo' Money) in 1992. This was followed by several roles in various films, mostly comedies. His breakthrough in the movie business he created in 2001 with his role in the success Strip Ocean's Eleven. Since Mac was regularly in major film productions to see it in Bad Santa, Guess Who, and the Sequels to Ocean's Eleven. He has been married since 1977 and had a daughter. He is Christina Aguileras "Dirrty" by Redman, "Goldyn Child" of Ras Kass and "Main Event" by Reef The Lost Cauze mentioned.

Bernie Mac suffered since 1983 to sarcoidosis. He died on 9 In August 2008 as a result of pneumonia.


* 1992: Meh 'money (Mo' Money)
* 1993: Who's the Man?
* 1994: House Party 3
* 1994: Above the Rim
* 1995: The Walking Dead
* 1995: Friday
* 1996: Hip Hop Hood - In the district, all hell broke loose (Do not Be a Menace to South Central While Drinking Your Juice in the Hood)
* 1996: Get on the Bus
* 1997: Booty Call - One Night Stand with obstacles (Booty Call)
* 1997: Beverly Hills Beauties (B * A * S * P)
* 1997: The Playboy case (How to Be a Player)
* 1999: Life (Life)
* 2000: Schlimmer's always! (What's the Worst That Could Happen?)
* 2001: Ocean's Eleven
* 2003: 3 Angel for Charlie - Full Power (Charlie's Angels - Full Throttle)
* 2003: Bad Santa
* 2003: Head of State
* 2004: Mr. 3000
* 2004: Ocean's Twelve
* 2005: Guess Who - My daughter does not get you! (Guess Who)
* 2007: Pride
* 2007: Ocean's Thirteen
* 2007: Transformers

Read also Rowan Atkinson


Joker (Batman)


Joker (Batman)
The Joker is a fictional character created by Bob Kane and Bill Finger in the comic-book Batman # 1 in 1940. It is the main enemy of Batman.

Creation of character
Although Bob Kane was appropriate paternity Joker, it seems more likely that his acolyte Bill Finger is the real creator of the character. The film The Man Who Laughs would have inspired the artist, wishing to oppose an opponent high colour Batman.

Several scenarios have recounted the genesis of character, but not necessarily in a consistent manner. At the end of 50 years, a malfrat named Red Hood appears in Detective Comics # 168. It can be assumed that this is the first real appearance of the person who will become the Joker, but it should be noted that several people have borrowed this identity. The Joker appear under his clown appearance in Batman No. 1.

However, it seems certain that the night of drama founder giving birth to the Joker took place in a waste treatment plant chemicals called Axis Chemicals. Survivors just a dive in a toxic bath, Red Hood sank into madness furious to discover his new physical appearance, and swore he would make the world so that désaxé him.

In the version of Alan Moore (The Killing Joke), Red Hood is nothing other than a failed comedian whose only concern was to support his pregnant wife. Without choice, he agreed to rob a factory of toxic waste and crossed a point of no return to crime after the death of his wife. The accident finally realized its loss of reason and its entry into the world of crime. It should be noted that this story is told from the viewpoint of the Joker, and that his vision of things can be altered (The man himself admits that he remembers so many versions of his past that no longer knows discern the true). As such, The Killing Joke can be considered as part of elseworlds Batman. However, insofar as Alan Moore was the first writer to recount the exact origin of the Joker, one can also consider it as "official".

Physical and psychological
The chemical seeped into the body of Red Hood has caused irreversible physical changes, but also affect his psychological state. Her skin is now white as chalk and his hair is green. It also boasts a wide smile, but it seems that it is voluntary because the Joker did not display at all times. It should be noted that in the comic book: The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller, the color scarlet lips Joker is due to the use of a lipstick, whereas in most other comics (including The Killing Joke) It is a consequence of his bath of acid.

Although it is difficult to determine if the changeover in the madness was caused by a phenomenon organic or by the psychological shock caused by the accident, Red Hood adopted an exuberant behaviour and borrowed the nickname Joker given by the media .

The Joker has a particular taste for the macabre jokes. His first coup was to shine poison water supplies of Gotham City. Chemical weapons have no secret for him and he wears a permanently several kinds of acids and the venom of Joker, a compound binary being literally dying of laughter to those it infects their paralysing facial with a rictus-like hers.

The purpose of the Joker is to make fool his enemies so that the world looks to him. For that, he did not hesitate in killing Jason Todd, the second Robin, with a bomb (A mourning in the family) to kidnap Jim Gordon, paralyse his daughter (Barbara Gordon, former Batgirl, become Oracle) to life before the strip and the photograph to make her crazy father (cf. The Killing Joke) and kill Sarah Gordon Essen, the wife of the Commissioner, by threatening to execute newborns if it resists (see Batman: No Man's Land). Although it is not explicitly stated, it is suggested that Barbara Gordon had also been raped by the Joker and his men.

Emotional life
The Joker is assisted since the mid-1990 by Harley Quinn (first appearance in the animated series Batman, the animated series). Former psychiatrist of Arkham fell crazy in love with the Joker, it helps frequently to escape from the Arkham asylum. A love relationship one way unites the two characters.

The Joker has sometimes worked in agreement with the enemies of Batman, and even with gangsters in the Marvel Universe (Jigsaw).

Recently, The Sphinx has concluded a contract with the Joker: the latter must release him from prison and protect Silence, a psychopathic killer. It must, in return, to deliver the name of the assassin of his wife, Jeanine.

However, its notorious instability alienates him the confidence of potential allies: thus, it is not invited to join the League of Super-villains formed by Alexander Luthor III (that rejection will lead elsewhere in the assassination of the latter by the Joker.)

It is also entered into conflict with Lex Luthor on several occasions, including during the presidency of Luthor, and then during Operation Salvation Run, in which history Luthor and the Joker lead each clan of super-villains with the objectives opposed.

Futures likely
The Dark Knight Returns by Frank Miller recounts a future hypothetical Batman and Joker. The work is centered around a key question: Joker suffer it the need to continue his criminal activity if Batman did not exist? His answer is clearly 'no', because here Batman has withdrawn from its role as a vigilante and Joker remains in a catatonic state in the Arkham asylum. But the return of vigilante will cause the Joker to escape the need to deal with again, which means that its actions have for him reason to be in conflict with those of Batman, as a double negative (typical idea of comics, relayed in the film Unbreakable).

This ambiguous relationship of interdependence is pushed far enough by Miller, because both men live alone and complete their confrontation with a deadly embrace during which the Joker Batman calls "my angel".

Powers and weapons
The weapon of choice Joker is the toxic substance that he invented and which bears his name: "The Joker venom." This substance causes anaphylactic shock due to the blockage of canneaux calcium and potassium. The effect is visible a smile frozen course the face of the victim, a sign of the Joker. Depending on the dose, can discolor skin and hair can turn green, other signs of Clown Prince From Crime. The Joker also uses weapons bearing the signs of a clown, he transforms into deadly weapons, as the pies cyanide or explosives, handles electrical deadly, playing cards sharp where his famous flower planning a stream of acid, or sometimes its venom Joker. Without forgetting the gun where a flag lot "BANG!", Which sometimes act as symbol. In the film "Batman succession: the return of the Joker", the gun is capable of getting the flag (VO only). But the Joker also uses weapons "classics" such as machine guns or knives that disimule under his sleeve. In addition, the Joker is a very little fighting in regard to technology, although it can sometimes be dangerous révèler body to body. It is immune against the effects of its own venom Joker, but also by extension against other toxic gases of the same type: the poison of Epouvantail is thus not affect him.

A psychiatrist argued that the Joker has a "super-mental balance". In fact, she explains that the Joker has no personality, for that to find in the world where he lives, he has to reinvent itself every day, via clown blagueur example of the serial killer completely mad, hence its unpredictable side. In addition, he knows himself that he is crazy but think it is sunk. The Joker is very cunning and capable of handling a lot of people at will, especially Arkham guards. Without knowing the identity of Batman, Joker knows his weaknesses and he managed to get an idea of psychology Batman.Il knows, for example, that a Batman endured enormous suffering to become what it is, that it was also a "bad day" which was transformed. The Joker is also very strong with regard to the psychological torture: he perverted Quinnzel Harley, who was to become his companion, he failed make crazy Jim Gordon, and he doubted more than once on Batman's mental health.

Biography alternative
In the Batman of Tim Burton, the Joker is known as Jack Napier. He is the author of the murder of Bruce Wayne's parents. It is also the rival of his boss Grissom, since it has a romantic liaison with the girlfriend of the latter; Grissom tends trap Jack Napier by sending, and the men of the latter whose faithful Bob, to plant chemicals Axis Chemicals. In visiting the factory, Jack Napier faces Batman, who fell despite him in a vat of acid, causing his physical deformity. Survivors of accuracy in his bath toxic, it is to operate and becomes the Joker.

Read also Batman


Rowan Atkinson


Rowan Atkinson
Mr Bean is a British TV series in 14 episodes of 28 minutes, created by Rowan Atkinson and Richard Curtis and aired between 1 January 1990 and October 31, 1995 on the network ITV1. In France, the series aired from 1992 on France 3 and Belgium on RTBF.

An animated series, entitled Mister Bean: The Animated Series, 26 episodes of 22 minutes, was broadcast from January 25, 2002 still on ITV1. In Belgium, the series was broadcast on RTL Club and Quebec on VRAK.TV. In France, this series is actuellemnt not running.

This series depicts Mr Bean, a man and dopey caricature, putting themselves voluntarily or not in situations more or less funny. With an almost total absence of dialogue, his adventures based on his comic prowess.


1. Mr Bean (Mr Bean) 1989
2. The Return of Mr. Bean (The Return of Mr Bean) 1990
3. The Malheurs Mr Bean (The Curse of Mr Bean) 1990
4. Mr Bean goes to town (Mr Bean Goes to Town) 1991
5. The Déboires Mr Bean (The Trouble with Mr. Bean)
6. The New Adventures of Mr. Bean (Mr Bean Rides Again)
7. Merry Christmas, Mr. Bean (Merry Christmas, Mr. Bean)
8. Mister Bean: Room 426 (Mr Bean in Room 426)
9. Beware of the baby, Mr Bean (Mind the Baby, Mr Bean)
10. At the Fortune Pot, Mr Bean (Do It Yourself, Mr Bean) 1993
11. Mr Bean back to school (Back to School, Mr Bean) 1993
12. Mini-golf alias Mr Bean This pest Mr Bean (Tee Off, Mr. Bean)
13. Good night, Mr Bean (Goodnight, Mr Bean) 1995
14. Mr Bean topped the pole alias Hair by Mr Bean of London (Hair by Mr Bean of London) 1995

Second series (animated series)

1. Mother Nature / Opinion Research (In the Wild / Missing Teddy)
2. Terminal complete / Spoils of Mr Bean (No Parking / Bean's Bounty)
3. Place the artist / Fly (Artful Bean / The Fly)
4. The mime / Spring Cleaning (Mime Games / Spring Clean)
5. Pets / In pursuit of sunshine (No Pets / Ray of Sunshine)
6. Important work / sofa (Roadworks / The Sofa)
7. Camping / Full gas (Camping / Chocks Away)
8. Rose badger / head to head (In the Pink / Dinner for Two)
9. Treasure Hunt / Homeless (Treasure / Homeless)
10. Title french unknown (Super Trolley / Magpie)
11. Title french unknown (Hot Date / Wanted)
12. The ball / Rage teeth (The Ball / Toothache)
13. The hairdresser /? (Haircut / Neighbourly Bean)
14. Title french unknown (Art Thief / Scaredy Bean)
15. Title french unknown (A Royal Makeover / Super Marrow)
16. Title french unknown (Car Trouble / Restaurant)
17. Title french unknown (Gadget Kid / Visitor)
18. The baby /? (Nurse! / Dead Cat)
19. Title french unknown (Cat Sitting / The Bottle)
20. Happy Birthday Teddy / taupe (Birthday Bear / The Mole)
21. Save the Queen / The young Bean (Royal Bean / Young Bean)
22. Title french unknown (Hopping Mad / A Grand Invitation)
23. Television (Big TV / Keyboard Capers)
24. Title french unknown (Goldfish / Inventor)
25. Title french unknown (A Running Battle / Egg and Bean)
26. Bean lovers /? (Bean in Love / Double Trouble)

Rowan Atkinson defines the character of Mr Bean as "a child of eight years in an adult body."

Mr Bean made two appearances in the film Bean of Mel Smith (1997) and The Holiday Mr. Bean of Steve Bendelack (2007).

The musical accompaniment of Mr Bean differs from other comedies since the generic, written by Howard Goodall, is sung by the choir of Southwark Cathedral. The words are in latin:

* Ecce Homo, which is faba - Here is the man who is a bean (sung at the beginning)
* Finishes parties primae - End of Part One (sung before the advertisements in the original version)
* Pars secunda - Part Two (sung after advertisements)
* Vale homo which is faba - Adieu, the man who is a bean (sung at the end)

Goodall has also written musical accompaniment for the various episodes.


Tintin in America


Tintin in America
Tintin in America (The Adventures of Tintin see "Little Twentieth" in America, Hergé, 1932) is the third album of comic adventures of Tintin, published in black and white from 1931 to 1932 in the pages of "Little Twentieth" , Supplement to the journal The Twentieth Century. The color and the current album is published in 1946.

The story takes place in the era of Prohibition. After the interlude imposed the Congo, Tintin is sent to the United States. Arriving in Chicago, he is immediately kidnapped by gangsters of Al Capone, who regard it as dangerous.

The following reveals key moments of intrigue.

Having managed to escape and to stop them, he tackles Bobby Smiles, the head of a rival gang. The pursuit leads Tintin in the "redskins" Bobby Smiles has mounted against him. Also winner, Tintin capture the criminal and returns to Chicago. Once again, he must fight other gangsters, for better triumph. He left the country after a parade in the streets well worthy of American heroes.


* Tintin
* Milou
* Al Capone: Appears on page 1. The head of the bandits in Chicago. He wants the death of Tintin. The only real character that appears in the Adventures of Tintin.

* Piétro: Appears on page 12. He worked for Al Capone.

* Bobby Smiles (called Bob): Appears on page 12. Gangster who wants to get rid of Al Capone and Tintin.

* Mighty Sachem, Taupe-au-light-piercing: Appears on page 19. The head of redskins. Bobby Smiles the elevator against Tintin.

* Mike Mac Adam: Appears on page 45. It is private detective. He tried unsuccessfully to find Milou.

* Tom Hawake: Appears on page 53. He is responsible factories Slift and must kill Tintin.

* Hyppolyte Bolivar: Appears on page 60. It is weightlifting champion (wooden).

* Rastapopoulos: Although not named, many agree to see this character in the prototype of those who will be the sworn enemy of Tintin, Rastapopoulos, the 5th case of page 57.

Around the album
Tintin in America began to appear in Le Petit Vingtième from 3 September 1931. It will continue to appear for a little over a year because of two boards a week.

In this adventure, intervenes Al Capone. This is one of the few times in the series where Hergé incorporates an individual real character. Most often, it inspired the creation of its heroes existing people but bringing many changes.

To create history, Hergé had a reduced documentation, like Tintin in the Land of the Soviets and Tintin in the Congo. It was scenes from the life of Georges Duhamel, the magazine Le Crapouillot which devoted a special edition of the USA and a book on American Indians.

When creating the album, Hergé mainly wanted to run around the history of American Indians to whom he had a great fascination. Thus, it creates a thumbnail a pamphlet denouncing violence against Americans. It thus expelling American soldiers fixed bayonets Indian firing them after their papooses themselves dragging their dolls and this after the discovery of an oil well for which financial outbidding were made to the white explorer . This sequence did not unanimously when the album was reissued but it would never wanted to delete it.

Hergé has also tried to portray America at the time he drew. He therefore incorporated various elements, such as Prohibition or the War of gangs and the subordinate place against blacks in society. The thought bienséante having censored these characters (such as a hotel doorman) and imposed their "blanchisation" in subsequent editions denunciation and a possible coup disappeared leading to the opposite purpose.

The coverage gouachée of Tintin in America that Hergé had achieved in 1932, was auctioned in Paris at 780 000 euros (costs). This sale is a world record for an original work of comic books.

Other versions of the album
In 1945 the album was picked to be in color and is found then redrafted. In the new version, many improvements in the narration of the images were made to make reading more fluid and understandable.

Animated version
This album was adapted in the animated series of 1992. It should be noted that the sequence "Indian" was deleted.

Read also Tintin au Congo


Tintin au Congo


Tintin au Congo
Tintin au Congo (The Adventures of Tintin see "Little Twentieth" in Congo, Herge, 1931) is the second album cartoon Adventures of Tintin, published in black and white from 1930 to 1931 in the pages of "Little Twentieth" , Supplement to the journal The Twentieth Century. The color and the current album is published in 1946.

The story takes place during the colonial era. As part of his work as a journalist, Tintin, accompanied by his dog Snowy, cruise ship visits to Congo, the great Belgian colony at the time. Tom, a man smuggled on board the same boat, will try several times to kill him once they arrived safely.

The following reveals key moments of intrigue.

A series of adventures leads Tintin Babaoro'm of the kingdom, where he became the sorcerer attitré. He found that white men who want his death (including Tom) are gangsters affiliated with Al Capone, who wants to control the production of diamonds in Congo.


* Tintin
* Milou
* Tom: Appears on page 5. It is sent by Gibbons to remove Tintin. It is the "evil" of the album, but will never be able to carry out its mission. It is eaten by crocodiles on page 48.

* Jack: Appears on page 11. It guides during his Tintin adventure and it saves lives.

* The king of Babaoro'm: Appears on page 21. He asked Tintin going to hunt lions.

* Muganga: Appears on page 24. It is the sorcerer of Babaoro'm. He becomes jealous of Tintin. With Tom, he will try to get rid of the reporter. He is a member of the Brotherhood of Aniotas.

* The missionary: Appears on page 34. It saves Tintin crocodiles.

* Jimmy Mac Duff: Appears on page 38. It is a supplier of animals for zoos in Europe.

* Gibbons: Appears on page 51. It is the boss Tom. He received by Scarface Al Capone order to kill Tintin. Do not be confused with another character named Gibbons that will appear in The Blue Lotus.

Towards 1930, the Congo was a real Eldorado for Belgium. The Congo, eighty times larger than the countries that colonisait, had a basement extremely rich. At that time, the territory lacked manpower. The trend of the time was to advertise for this country.

The release of the album began on June 5, 1930 in Le Petit Vingtième and ended June 11, 1931. The album was first published by Editions du Petit Twentieth then it was taken a little later editions Casterman which s'assurèrent publication of Adventures of Tintin in exclusivity.

For resumption of the album in 1946, Hergé redessina adventure. He put in color, reduced from 115 boards to 62 pages and changed the colonialist ideology of the album. Thus, the geography and history lesson that gave Tintin "Your homeland, Belgium" found himself replaced by a math lesson. Hergé redessina also almost all the images, affina sets, redonna the clarity cut and changed the dialogues to make them more alive.

Hergé said later that during the creation of Tintin au Congo, as for Tintin in the land of the Soviets, he lived in an environment full of prejudice. It is the peculiarity of Tintin au Congo: the album, far from the positions taken by anti-colonialist who appear in the work of Herge from the Blue Lotus, is filled with stereotypes typical of the vision that Africa had the Europeans at that time.

Herge and declare about the album:

"For the Congo as in Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, it is that I was fed prejudices of the environment in which I lived… was in 1930. I did not know this country that what people told at the time: "The Negroes are big children, fortunately we're here!" And so on. And I've drawn, these Africans, according to these criteria then, in the pure paternalistic spirit which was the time in Belgium.

Aware of these stereotypes that are actually the basis of certain convictions of this work for racist content, Hergé however defended his work by saying that his characters were black fantasy, and cited in this sense a laudatory article published by the magazine in Zaire 1969, that "if some images caricatures of the Congolese people by Tintin in the Congo are white smile, they laugh frankly Congolese, because the Congolese people will find reasons to mock the white man who saw them as"

In 2007, controversy linked to these stereotypes becomes valid after a notice of the British Commission for Racial Equality (British Commission on Racial Equality) who finds the cartoon "racist" and asks to withdraw bookstores. The bookseller Borders then decided not to sell the album "The radius child," moving towards "adult comics". Shortly thereafter, a Congolese student at the Free University of Brussels filed complaints of racism and demand that the album be withdrawn from commerce.


* In the original version as published in the "Little twentieth", the return of Tintin in the plane led to fraternize with two méharistes in the Sahara, as the plane above the Spain y disrupted a bullfight.
* Tintin is interrupted by a leopard while he gives a lesson in arithmetic. In the original version (included in the Archives Hergé), the blackboard is actually a map of geography, and Tintin said: "Today I will tell you about your fatherland: Belgium".
* If, in this album, the Congolese speak in a rough syntax, elephants and monkeys, they speak among themselves in excellent french.
* Tintin in this album shows a certain cruelty to animals, unlike the following albums: it gives kicks in a leopard weakened, it detonated a rhinoceros, and it kills dépèce a monkey to go recover Milou who was abducted.
* In the current version of the album, Dupondt make a brief appearance in the first case when they are absent from the original version, in the same case, on each side of Tintin, as seen Quick and Flupke but also Hergé which was represented alongside his friends Edgar Pierre Jacobs and Jacques Van Melkebeke.
* In this adventure, Tintin detonated a rhinoceros by drilling a hole that fills dynamite. The Swedish publisher did not appreciate this way and earned his amendment. In the new page redesigned for export, rhinoceros fled after the shooting that takes Tintin accidentally. However, in the French version, the original scene has been preserved.
* Tintin is called twice "Boula-Matari" (p. 28 and last page). Boula-Matari which means "rock breaker" was the nickname given by the natives as a sign of deference and respect for the English explorer Sir Henry Morton Stanley.

Return of Tintin in the Congo in 1970
Tintin in the Congo will return in 1970 in the short animated film advertising Tintin and the SGM (General Minerals Corporation Belgian). A paperback adapted from the film is edited in the same year by Publiart (Guy Decissy) / Casterman.

Read also Tintin in the Land of the Soviets


Tintin in the Land of the Soviets


Tintin in the Land of the Soviets
Tintin in the Land of the Soviets (The Adventures of Tintin see "Little Twentieth" the countries of the Soviets, Hergé, 1930, Belgium) is the first album of comic adventures of Tintin, published originally in black and white between January 10, 1929 and 1930 in the pages of Petit Twentieth supplement of the newspaper The Twentieth Century.

At the time of the USSR Stalin, the Belgian reporter Tintin and his dog Snowy are sent to Moscow by the newspaper Le Petit Vingtième. A secret agent trying to prevent Soviet Tintin to complete its report is aboard the same train as they do. As the train passes through Germany, he detonated to kill Tintin. Tintin and Snowy escape death, but the reporter is accused of the bombing and is locked. He nevertheless managed to escape from prison, thanks to disguise it flew at a guard, and continues its journey to the USSR. When it comes with a Stolbsty Milou, it is immediately tracked by the Guépéou ...

The following reveals key moments of intrigue.

By making a tour in the city, he realizes that the leaders are forcing people to communism. When he returned, new attempts to arrest crashed into him. Upon his arrival in Moscow, he was arrested again and try to torture him, but he managed to escape through a diving suit and swimming in the river, before fighting again against agents. Tintin noted that Moscow has become a "quagmire infect." He also realizes that communism has been raging in the city and only the Communists manage to lift themselves out of poverty. Tintin engaged in the Soviet army, to better understand the maneuvers he understands that the army will remove the wheat koulaks (rich peasants). Tintin managed to save the wheat but is sentenced to death. In escaping, it is sinking into the polar regions in Russia, where the Guépéou chased. The adventures follow (a haunted house, a secret lair, Tintin plane that flies, comes at a German airfield, was acquired by the Guépéou, is finally saved by Milou). When they arrive in Berlin, a man Guépéou seeks to chloroformer, but Tintin managed to stop doing so. When try again to return to Russia, its superb car slips and falls into a train that runs our heroes to Brussels, where they are welcomed as heroes.


* Author: Hergé
* Publisher: Le Petit Twentieth (1930), then Casterman (from 1981)
* Locations: Belgium, Germany, Soviet Union
* Time: 1929-1930


* Tintin (first appearance)
* Milou (first appearance)

The other characters are secondary. Many are anonymous. Among the few affublés a common surname, it should be noted:

* Dimitrieff Solowztenxopztzki (appears on page 53, with his colleague, it seeks to sink the boat Tintin)
* Lulitzosoff (appears on page 93; Tintin capture it, but it becomes available).
* Rodrobertine is the name of an aviator confused with Tintin (disguised as an aviator to escape).


* An officer of Guépéou dreaming of capturing Tintin: "I will be decorated with the order of" sickle aluminum stretched! "
* Tintin: "In this beautiful city qu'était Moscow is what the Soviets were a quagmire infect! "
* Tintin: "So while the people died of hunger, huge quantities of wheat go abroad to certify the so-called wealth of the Soviet paradise. "
* A German policeman: "This document tells us that man is a bolcheviste and his intention to blow up the dynamite all the capitals of Europe. "
* Tintin: "Another wounds of Russia today, these bands of abandoned children, vagabondant in cities and rural areas, live by theft and begging. "
* Snowy: "Poor kids. "
* Snowy: "I do t'abandonnerai ever, oh Tintin."

A pamphlet against the Bolshevik system
On 10 January 1929, Hergé created, commissioned by the abbot Wallez, owner of The Twentieth Century, the character of Tintin for Youth Supplement Le Petit Vingtième. At that time, there was anti-Communist obsession very important and it did not seem too bad the leaders of the newspaper to their young readers aware of the reality of Bolshevism.

It is the abbot Norbert Wallez, director of the Twentieth Century, which had the idea to invent a character who can show the young Belgians the situation in the USSR. It entrust this project to Hergé, editor of the Petit Vingtième. Thus was born Tintin.

The abbot Wallez, politically very right, is counting on this "report" to denounce the evils of communism. Thus, Hergé plays with the so-called healthy economic union: the hero Tintin visiting a factory realizes that it is in fact a simple decor. He also discovers that does not distribute bread to young children who are not communists, and that the Government diverts crop farmers for propaganda purposes abroad. There is also a scene where three communist address a gathering of people to carry out a "vote" among a list communism and a non-communist list. The three communist ask those who are for the non-Communist to raise their hands, while shining their revolvers into the crowd. Person n'osant raise their hands, the Communist list is therefore elected unanimously.

To create Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, Hergé has not had the opportunity to visit the country in which Tintin was sent, or to draw on a wealth of documentation. All the elements contained in this episode were provided by Moscow without sails, written by Joseph Douillet, former consul of Belgium in Russia, in Rostov-on-Don. In his book, Douillet attack strongly communism and the Soviet Government; Tintin in the Land of the Soviets is somehow setting comic Moscow without sails, which was its main source documentary.

The documentary sources limited
Herge has never been in the USSR, it draws its information mainly in the book Moscow without sails written by Joseph Douillet, former consul of Belgium in the USSR. The copies of entire passages, for example a scene where communists are elected by threatening voters with their revolvers (page 33). Here is a quote from the book Douillet:

"The communist comrade Oubiykone (outgoing chairman of the executive committee) gave a speech. Here are the terms in which it apostropha the crowd: "Three lists are present: one is that of the Communist Party. Let those who oppose this list raise their hands!" At the same time, Oubiykone and his four colleagues out their revolvers and désignèrent the crowd of peasants, the weapon threatening the fist. Oubiykone continued: "Who was against this list? Person? I declare that the list Communist pass unanimously. It is therefore unnecessary to vote for the other two." "

Other citation Douillet who clearly inspired Hergé:

"In a village where there were ten schools, it survived under the Soviet regime a high school: mixed. The Communists meet indeed, with a premeditated immoral, the two sexes in schools. "

Later, Hergé tell that he knew of the USSR that what we said in its midst who was the petty bourgeoisie Brussels. As for Tintin au Congo, he will then have as little documented and have fulfilled these adventures pictures of the time. Later, he will seek to avoid such errors in producing a work of considerable documentation for each story.

"I was employed in a newspaper and there was above me the editor, and above the editor, there was the reporter. And the reporter, was the great traveller, when there were cruising yellow, where there were all those who traveled the world as Kessel. So I wanted to make Tintin a newspaper reporter that he too would travel. And on his first voyage, the thing that seemed most important at the time was this country that we reached echoes terrifying and often contradictory, it was the Soviet Russia."

The first work of Herge
In creating this story that Hergé has learned to make the BD. Tintin, at the beginning of history, no fine and has the air of a big lourdaud scout, but in the end, it looks much more the character that we know. However, the technique of dialogue integrated into the design is far from being the best. In some ways, these 138 boards have allowed Hergé everything an apprenticeship.

Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, originally published before the war to 5 000 copies, was the only album not to be taken over by Casterman, according to the will of Hergé. The album became quickly found and collectors were obviously willing to pay dearly for having a copy. Also, counterfeits they saw the day. It was not until 1973 that the album was found republished in the form of a volume of the Archives Herge. In 1981, to counter new pirated versions, Tintin in the Land of the Soviets was reissued in the form of a genuine facsimile. For 70 years of Tintin, Casterman, with the permission of the Herge Foundation, published Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, always in black and white in the same form as other albums, against the will of Herge who wanted the Tintin first album remains outside the actual series.

A "pirate" colour is still circulating.

A hero still rough
The character of Tintin was brand new, drawing refined during the adventure. "Houppette" hero "is not always the same form. Although it is in black and white, this album has allowed Hergé preparing its design. The character of Tintin is not yet fully defined. It is one of three albums where you can see Tintin drunk (the others being The Broken Ear and The Crab with the Golden Pliers). However, it is already generous: it invites a beggar to dinner with him (the beggar will prove to be an agent of Guépéou disguised).

An episodic style
Because the type of publication (two pages per week), adventure resembles a series of gags or mini-ups, interspersed with denunciations of Soviet totalitarianism. At the end of each second board, Tintin is regularly threatening to maintain the suspense. Each week, the work of Herge Tintin is to get out of the danger which threatens or to invent something new.

On May 8, 1930, when the adventure was finally released in Petit Vingtième, the newspaper announced the return of Tintin at the Gare du Nord in Brussels and hired someone to play the role of Tintin. A crowd rushed immediately to the station, demonstrating the success of the work of Herge. The scene was also included in the album.

Read also The Adventures of Tintin and Snowy