Tintin in America
Tintin in America (The Adventures of Tintin see "Little Twentieth" in America, Hergé, 1932) is the third album of comic adventures of Tintin, published in black and white from 1931 to 1932 in the pages of "Little Twentieth" , Supplement to the journal The Twentieth Century. The color and the current album is published in 1946.
The story takes place in the era of Prohibition. After the interlude imposed the Congo, Tintin is sent to the United States. Arriving in Chicago, he is immediately kidnapped by gangsters of Al Capone, who regard it as dangerous.
The following reveals key moments of intrigue.
Having managed to escape and to stop them, he tackles Bobby Smiles, the head of a rival gang. The pursuit leads Tintin in the "redskins" Bobby Smiles has mounted against him. Also winner, Tintin capture the criminal and returns to Chicago. Once again, he must fight other gangsters, for better triumph. He left the country after a parade in the streets well worthy of American heroes.
* Al Capone: Appears on page 1. The head of the bandits in Chicago. He wants the death of Tintin. The only real character that appears in the Adventures of Tintin.
* Piétro: Appears on page 12. He worked for Al Capone.
* Bobby Smiles (called Bob): Appears on page 12. Gangster who wants to get rid of Al Capone and Tintin.
* Mighty Sachem, Taupe-au-light-piercing: Appears on page 19. The head of redskins. Bobby Smiles the elevator against Tintin.
* Mike Mac Adam: Appears on page 45. It is private detective. He tried unsuccessfully to find Milou.
* Tom Hawake: Appears on page 53. He is responsible factories Slift and must kill Tintin.
* Hyppolyte Bolivar: Appears on page 60. It is weightlifting champion (wooden).
* Rastapopoulos: Although not named, many agree to see this character in the prototype of those who will be the sworn enemy of Tintin, Rastapopoulos, the 5th case of page 57.
Around the album
Tintin in America began to appear in Le Petit Vingtième from 3 September 1931. It will continue to appear for a little over a year because of two boards a week.
In this adventure, intervenes Al Capone. This is one of the few times in the series where Hergé incorporates an individual real character. Most often, it inspired the creation of its heroes existing people but bringing many changes.
To create history, Hergé had a reduced documentation, like Tintin in the Land of the Soviets and Tintin in the Congo. It was scenes from the life of Georges Duhamel, the magazine Le Crapouillot which devoted a special edition of the USA and a book on American Indians.
When creating the album, Hergé mainly wanted to run around the history of American Indians to whom he had a great fascination. Thus, it creates a thumbnail a pamphlet denouncing violence against Americans. It thus expelling American soldiers fixed bayonets Indian firing them after their papooses themselves dragging their dolls and this after the discovery of an oil well for which financial outbidding were made to the white explorer . This sequence did not unanimously when the album was reissued but it would never wanted to delete it.
Hergé has also tried to portray America at the time he drew. He therefore incorporated various elements, such as Prohibition or the War of gangs and the subordinate place against blacks in society. The thought bienséante having censored these characters (such as a hotel doorman) and imposed their "blanchisation" in subsequent editions denunciation and a possible coup disappeared leading to the opposite purpose.
The coverage gouachée of Tintin in America that Hergé had achieved in 1932, was auctioned in Paris at 780 000 euros (costs). This sale is a world record for an original work of comic books.
Other versions of the album
In 1945 the album was picked to be in color and is found then redrafted. In the new version, many improvements in the narration of the images were made to make reading more fluid and understandable.
This album was adapted in the animated series of 1992. It should be noted that the sequence "Indian" was deleted.
Read also Tintin au Congo